Thai Cuisine

Curry Crab

Grilled Pork Neck Meat

Dessert – Mango and Gultinous Rice

The Restaurant – Mango Tree Hong Kong

Caffeine Use May Offer Relief for Millions of Dry Eye Sufferers

Researchers at the University of Tokyo’s School of Medicine have shown for the first time that caffeine intake can significantly increase the eye’s ability to produce tears, a finding that could improve treatment of dry eye syndrome. This common eye condition affects about four million people age 50 and older[i] in the United States. For many, dry eye syndrome is simply uncomfortable and annoying, but for others it escalates into a vision-threatening disease. All of the 78 participants in the new study produced significantly more tears after consuming caffeine than after taking a placebo. The study is available in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Dry eye syndrome involves malfunction of the rate of tear production, the quality of tears, and/or the rate of evaporate from the surface of the eye. Anyone can experience dry eye, though it is more common among women. Symptoms can include gritty, scratchy or burning sensations, excessive tearing, and/or production of stringy mucus.

The research team, led by Reiko Arita, MD, PhD, was motivated by an earlier study that had shown a reduced risk for dry eye in caffeine users: 13 percent of users had the syndrome compared with nearly 17 percent of non-users. The team knew that caffeine was likely to stimulate tear glands, since it is known to increase other secretions, such as saliva and digestive juices. They also knew that people respond differently to caffeine, so they analyzed study participants’ DNA samples for two genetic variations that play important roles in caffeine metabolism. Tear production proved to be higher in study subjects who had the two genetic variations.

“If confirmed by other studies, our findings on caffeine should be useful in treating dry eye syndrome,” said Dr. Arita. “At this point, though, we would advise using it selectively for patients who are most sensitive to caffeine’s stimulating effects.”

The study subjects were divided into two groups: one received caffeine tablets in the first session and a placebo in the second session, while the order was reversed for the other group. Tear volume was measured within 45 minutes of consuming the tablets. All sessions took place between 10 a.m. and noon, a time of day when tear production is usually stable. No subjects knew whether they received caffeine or the placebo. All abstained from caffeine use for six days prior to each session and used no drugs during the sessions. To be eligible for the study subjects had to be free of high blood pressure, dry eye syndrome, allergies that affect the eye, glaucoma, and other eye diseases and conditions that can interfere with tear production. The study also found that tear drainage rates were not affected by caffeine.

Dry eye can be very uncomfortable and interfere with vision. It’s important to see an ophthalmologist if symptoms continue, since advanced cases can cause eye damage and permanent vision problems. Current treatment options range from simple warm compresses, eye washes and artificial tears to medications and tear drainage devices.

Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Seafood Cooked in Thai Style


100 g fish fillet
100 g Squid
200 g clams
100 g baby oyster
1 shallot (finely sliced)
1 large onion (finely sliced)
1 stalk lemongrass (minced)
5 fresh straw mushroom
2 medium tomatoes
2 tbsp cooking wine
2 tbsp chili shrimp paste
1 cup chicken stock
2 tsp oil
a few sprigs cilantro (chopped)


juice of 1 lime
2 tsp fish sauce
2 tsp sugar


  1. Cut fish and squid into bite-size pieces.
  2. Soak clams. Rinse and drain.
  3. Cut each straw mushroom into halves. Blanch in boiling water. Rinse and drain.
  4. Cut tomato into chunks.
  5. Heat 2 tsp oil in a wok. Sauté shallot and onion until tender. Add shrimp paste and stir-fry until fragrant.
  6. Add fish, squid, clams and baby oyster. Stir-fry briefly. Drizzle with cooking wine. Mix in lemongrass, mushroom, tomato and chicken stock. Bring to a boil.
  7. Add seasoning. Stir to combine. Remove. Garnish with cilantro and serve hot.

Source: Hong Kong magazine

Today’s Comic

Thai Breakfast

Home-cooked Breakfast of A Family in Chiang Mai, Thailand

The Menu

Deep-fried Chicken

Deep-fried Pork

Eggplant with Green Chili and Assorted Vegetables

Deep-fried Skin of Chicken

Pork Larb (Salad)

Glutinous Rice