Kitchen Design

A-shape Kitchen

Eating More Red Meat Associated With Increased Risk of Type-2 Diabetes

Eating more red meat over time is associated with an increased risk of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a follow-up of three studies of about 149,000 U.S. men and women, according to a report published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Red meat consumption has been consistently related to an increased risk of T2DM, but previous studies measured red meat consumption at a baseline with limited follow-up information. However, a person’s eating behavior changes over time and measurement of consumption at a single point in time does not capture the variability of intake during follow-up, the authors note in the study background.

An Pan, Ph.D., of the National University of Singapore, and colleagues analyzed data from three Harvard group studies and followed up 26,357 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study; 48,709 women in the Nurses’ Health Study; and 74,077 women in the Nurses’ Health Study II. Diets were assessed using food frequency questionnaires.

During more than 1.9 million person-years of follow-up, researchers documented 7,540 incident cases of T2DM.

“Increasing red meat intake during a four-year interval was associated with an elevated risk of T2DM during the subsequent four years in each cohort,” according to the study.

The results indicate that compared with a group with no change in red meat intake, increasing red meat intake of more than 0.50 servings per day was associated with a 48 percent elevated risk in the subsequent four-year period. Reducing red meat consumption by more than 0.50 servings per day from baseline to the first four years of follow-up was associated with a 14 percent lower risk during the subsequent entire follow-up.

The authors note the study is observational so causality cannot be inferred.

“Our results confirm the robustness of the association between red meat and T2DM and add further evidence that limiting red meat consumption over time confers benefits for T2DM prevention,” the authors conclude.

Source: JAMA Internal Medicine

Breakfast Toast with Egg and English Muffin


2 eggs
1 tbsp butter, plus extra for spreading
8 oz baby spinach leaves
a pinch of freshly grated nutmeg
2 English muffins
2 to 4 tbsp hollandaise sauce
salt and ground black pepper


  1. Crack each egg into a cup and gently slide into a saucepan of boiling water. Cook for about 4 minutes until firm. Remove and drain well on paper towels.
  2. Melt butter in saucepan, add spinach. Cook for about 3 minutes, stirring occasionally, until spinach begins to wilt. Season with nutmeg, salt and pepper. Remove, cover and keep warm.
  3. Split muffins, toast on both sides and spread with butter. Place spinach onto the bottom half of each muffin. Set an egg on top of spinach. Spoon over hollandaise sauce and serve.

Makes 2 servings.

Source: Femina

Today’s Comic

What’s for Breakfast?

Home-cooked Chinese Breakfast

The Menu

  • Chinese-style Hamburger
  • Daikon Soup