What’s for Dinner?

Mexican Five-course Dinner

The Menu

Trio of Guacamole

Mexican Street Corn

Grillled Chayotes

Tortilla Platter

Dessert – Coconut Rice Tamale

Character Bento

Disney Mini Mouse Charaben

The Character – Mini (ミニーちゃん)

Mediterranean Diet Counteracts a Genetic Risk of Stroke, Study Reports

A gene variant strongly associated with development of type 2 diabetes appears to interact with a Mediterranean diet pattern to prevent stroke, report researchers from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (USDA HNRCA) at Tufts University and from the CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutriciόn in Spain. Their results , published online today in Diabetes Care, are a significant advance for nutrigenomics, the study of the linkages between nutrition and gene function and their impact on human health, particularly chronic disease risk.

The researchers set out to investigate whether genetics contribute to the cardiovascular benefits seen in the Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea (PREDIMED) trial. Based in Spain, the randomized, controlled trial enrolled more than 7,000 men and women assigned to either a Mediterranean or low fat control diet and monitored them for cardiovascular disease, stroke and heart attack for almost five years.

“Our study is the first to identify a gene-diet interaction affecting stroke in a nutrition intervention trial carried out over a number of years in thousands of men and women,” said senior author José M. Ordovás, Ph.D., director of the Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory at the USDA HNRCA at Tufts University. “The PREDIMED study design provides us with stronger results than we have ever had before. With the ability to analyze the relationship between diet, genetics and life-threatening cardiac events, we can begin to think seriously about developing genetic tests to identify people who may reduce their risk for chronic disease, or even prevent it, by making meaningful changes to the way they eat.”

Led by Ordovás and corresponding author Dolores Corella, Ph.D., of the CIBER Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutriciόn , the researchers focused on a variant in the Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 (TCF7L2) gene, which has been implicated in glucose metabolism but its relationship to cardiovascular disease risk has been uncertain. About 14 percent of the PREDIMED participants were homozygous carriers, meaning they carried two copies of the gene variant and had an increased risk of disease.

“Being on the Mediterranean diet reduced the number of strokes in people with two copies of the variant. The food they ate appeared to eliminate any increased stroke susceptibility, putting put them on an even playing field with people with one or no copies of the variant,” explained Ordovás, who is also a professor at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. “The results were quite different in the control group following the low fat control diet, where homozygous carriers were almost three times as likely to have a stroke compared to people with one or no copies of the gene variant .”

The Mediterranean diet features olive oil, fish, complex carbohydrates and nuts. To find out how closely the PREDIMED participants adhered to the Mediterranean diet prior to the trial, the authors examined food frequency questionnaires. “Again, we saw that the Mediterranean diet appeared to compensate for genetic influence,” said Corella, who is also a scientist in the Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit at the University of Valencia. “If adherence to the diet was high, having two copies of the gene variant had no significant influence on fasting glucose levels. The same was true for three common measures of cardiovascular disease risk: total blood cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and triglycerides. Conversely, these risk factors were considerably higher in homozygous carriers with low adherence to the diet.”

The results of the study were not significantly changed by adjusting for variables that could have affected the findings, including type 2 diabetes,body mass index (BMI), and heart and diabetes medications. The authors note more studies are needed to determine what mechanism may be involved in the interaction they observed. They also intend to continue to mine the PREDIMED data for other gene diet interactions that may be associated with stroke as well as heart attacks.

Source: Tufts University

A Mexican Sandwich Originated in the State of Puebla

Ingredients

4 chicken breasts, skinned, deboned and butterflied
Salt and freshly ground
black pepper
1/4 cup all-purpose flour
3 whole eggs, beaten
1 cup dried bread crumbs
1/2 cup canola oil for frying
4 brioche or sesameseed hamburger buns
4 avocados, sliced
1/2 lb Oaxaca-style cheese, shredded (or substitute shredded mozzarella)
4 chipotles in adobo sauce, thinly sliced
1 medium-sized white onion, sliced into ½-inch-thick rings
8 slices Black Forest ham
4 tbsp good-quality olive oil

Method

  1. Season the chicken with salt and black pepper.
  2. To make the chicken cutlets (also known in Mexican cooking as milanesas), place the flour, egg and bread crumbs on separate plates or in wide, shallow bowls. Dredge the first chicken breast in the flour and shake off the excess. Dip the breast in the egg, then coat well with bread crumbs. Place the breaded chicken breast on a plate and repeat with the remaining breasts. Transfer the breaded chicken to the fridge for 20 minutes.
  3. Set a heavy-bottomed frying pan over medium high heat. Once the pan is hot, heat the oil and fry the cutlets (in separate batches, if necessary, to avoid overcrowding the pan). When the bread crumbs on the bottom of the cutlet turn golden-brown, flip the breast using a fork or tongs and fry for 5 more minutes or until golden. Set aside on paper towels to drain and keep warm.
  4. To assemble the cemita, slice the buns in half. Distribute half of the avocado slices among the 4 bottom halves of the buns. Place a cutlet over the avocado. Top with shredded cheese, chipotles, onion slices and two slices of ham and finish with the rest of the avocado. Drizzle 1 tablespoon of olive oil over each cemita and cover with the top of the bun.

Source: The Globe and Mail

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