Spicy Vegetarian Dish with Eggplant and Potatoes


3/4 lb eggplant
1/2 lb potatoes
2 tbsp oil
1/3 cup sliced onion
1/2 tsp cumin seeds
1/2 tsp roasted and crushed coriander seeds
1/2 tsp curry powder
1 tsp grated ginger
4 to 5 cloves garlic, minced
1/2 tsp chili powder
1/4 tsp turmeric
salt to taste
1 tbsp low-fat plain yogurt
1/2 tsp sugar
1 to 2 green chili peppers, chopped
1/3 cup chopped tomato
1 tbsp lemon juice
2 tbsp chopped cilantro leaves


  1. Cut eggplant into quarters lengthwise, then holding the pieces together, cut them across into 1/2-inch chunks.
  2. Scrub the potatoes and cut each one into quarters and each quarter into two or more pieces.
  3. Heat oil in a heavy-bottom saucepan and fry the onion until light brown.
  4. Add cumin, coriander seeds and curry. Stir-fry for a minute or so. Add ginger, half the garlic, chili powder, turmeric and salt. Cook the mixture with 2 tbsp water until the paste deepens in colour but does not stick, about 2 to 3 minutes.
  5. Add eggplant, and then the yogurt, sugar and green chili peppers. Mix everything together and cook for 2 to 3 minutes. Add 2/3 cup water, lower the heat and simmer for 15 minutes, with the lid on.
  6. Add potato and tomato. Simmer for another 10 minutes with the lid on, checking occasionally to make sure it is not sticking or burning. Add water if necessary.
  7. Add remaining garlic, the lemon juice, and cilantro leaves. Cook for 1 minute and stir gently to mix. Turn off heat. Remove and serve hot.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Healthy Vegetarian Cooking

Pop-up My Melody Dream Cafe

Cafe opened to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the My Melody charater. Below are some of the items in the menu.

My Melody Donut

My Melody Cup Cake

My Melody Pink Curry

My Melody Pink Steamed Bun

My Melody Pancake

Gadget: Moulds for Boiled Egg

Makes character eggs for salad and other dishes.

The Moulds (ゆでたまごっこ)

Exercise Allows You to Age Optimally

Staying active allows you to age optimally, according to a study by King’s College London and the University of Birmingham. The study of amateur older cyclists found that many had levels of physiological function that would place them at a much younger age compared to the general population; debunking the common assumption that ageing automatically makes you more frail.

The study, published in The Journal of Physiology, recruited 84 male and 41 female cycling enthusiasts aged 55 to 79 to explore how the ageing process affects the human body, and whether specific physiological markers can be used to determine your age.

Cyclists were recruited to exclude the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, which can aggravate health problems and cause changes in the body, which might appear to be due to the ageing process. Men and women had to be able to cycle 100 km in under 6.5 hours and 60 km in 5.5 hours, respectively, to be included in the study. Smokers, heavy drinkers and those with high blood pressure or other health conditions were excluded from the study.

Participants underwent two days of laboratory testing at King’s. For each participant, a physiological profile was established which included measures of cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular, metabolic, endocrine and cognitive functions, bone strength, and health and well-being. Volunteers’ reflexes, muscle strength, oxygen uptake during exercise and peak explosive cycling power were determined.

The results of the study showed that in these individuals, the effects of ageing were far from obvious. Indeed, people of different ages could have similar levels of function such as muscle strength, lung power and exercise capacity. The maximum rate of oxygen consumption showed the closest association with age, but even this marker could not identify with any degree of accuracy the age of any given individual, which would be the requirement for any useful biomarker of ageing.

In a basic, but important test of function in older people, the time taken to stand from a chair, walk three metres, turn, walk back and sit down was also measured. Taking more than 15 seconds to complete the task generally indicates a high risk of falling. Even the oldest participants in the present study fell well below these levels, fitting well within the norm for healthy young adults.

Overall, the study concluded that ageing is likely to be a highly individualist phenomenon. As people are so different, the team concluded that more studies are needed which follow the same healthy and exercising individuals over time to better understand the effects of ageing the body.

Dr Ross Pollock, lead author of the paper from King’s College London, said: “An essential part of our study was deciding which volunteers should be selected to explore the effects of ageing. The main problem facing health research is that in modern societies the majority of the population is inactive. A sedentary lifestyle causes physiological problems at any age. Hence the confusion as to how much the decline in bodily functions is due to the natural ageing process and how much is due to the combined effects of ageing and inactivity.”

“In many models of ageing lifespan is the primary measure, but in human beings this is arguably less important than the consequences of deterioration in health. Healthy life expectancy – our healthspan – is not keeping pace with the average lifespan, and the years we spend with poor health and disabilities in old age are growing.”

Professor Stephen Harridge, senior author and Director of the Centre of Human & Aerospace Physiological Sciences at King’s College London where the study took place, said: “Because most of the population is largely sedentary, the tendency is to assume that inactivity is the inevitable condition for humans. However, given that our genetic inheritance stems from a period when high levels of physical activity were the likely norm, being physically active should be considered to play an essential role in maintaining health and wellbeing throughout life.”

Emeritus Professor Norman Lazarus, a member of the King’s team and also a cyclist, said: “Inevitably, our bodies will experience some decline with age, but staying physically active can buy you extra years of function compared to sedentary people. Cycling not only keeps you mentally alert, but requires the vigorous use of many of the body’s key systems, such as your muscles, heart and lungs which you need for maintaining health and for reducing the risks associated with numerous diseases.”

Source: EurekAlert!

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