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Twelve Exercises with Three Levels of Difficulties

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Can You Judge A Man by His Fingers?

Maybe you should take a good look at your partner’s fingers before putting a ring on one. Men with short index fingers and long ring fingers are on average nicer towards women, and this unexpected phenomenon stems from the hormones these men have been exposed to in their mother’s womb, according to a new study by researchers at McGill University. The findings might help explain why these men tend to have more children. The study, showing a link between a biological event in fetal life and adult behaviour, was published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences.

Men’s index fingers are generally shorter than their ring fingers. The difference is less pronounced in women. Previous research has found that digit ratio – defined as the second digit length divided by the fourth digit length – is an indication of the amount of male hormones, chiefly testosterone, someone has been exposed to as a fetus: the smaller the ratio, the more male hormones. The McGill study suggests that this has an impact on how adult men behave, especially with women.

“It is fascinating to see that moderate variations of hormones before birth can actually influence adult behaviour in a selective way,” says Simon Young, a McGill Emeritus Professor in Psychiatry and coauthor of the study.

Smiles and compliments

Several studies have been conducted previously to try to assess the impact of digit ratio on adult behaviour. This one is the first to highlight how finger lengths affect behaviour differently depending on the sex of the person you are interacting with. “When with women, men with smaller ratios were more likely to listen attentively, smile and laugh, compromise or compliment the other person,” says Debbie Moskowitz, lead author and Professor of Psychology at McGill. They acted that way in sexual relationships, but also with female friends or colleagues. These men were also less quarrelsome with women than with men, whereas the men with larger ratios were equally quarrelsome with both. For women though, digit ratio variation did not seem to predict how they behaved, the researchers report.

Digit ratio and children

For 20 days, 155 participants in the study filled out forms for every social interaction that lasted 5 minutes or more, and checked off a list of behaviours they engaged in. Based on prior work, the scientists classified the behaviours as agreeable or quarrelsome. Men with small digit ratios reported approximately a third more agreeable behaviours and approximately a third fewer quarrelsome behaviours than men with large digit ratios.

A previous study had found that men with smaller digit ratios have more children. “Our research suggests they have more harmonious relationships with women; these behaviors support the formation and maintenance of relationships with women,” Moskowitz says. “This might explain why they have more children on average.”

The researchers were surprised to find no statistically relevant link between dominant behaviours and digit ratios. They suggest future research could study specific situations where male dominance varies – such as competitive situations with other men – to see whether a correlation can be established.

Source: EurekAlert!

Italian Biscuit with Cherries and Nuts


1/3 cup canola oil
2/3 cup sugar
1 tsp baking powder
1/2 tsp baking soda
2 large eggs
2 tbsp lemon or orange zest
2½ cups white whole-wheat flour, spooned into measuring cups and leveled
1/2 cup dried cherries
1/2 cup (2 ounces) slivered almonds, toasted
Canola oil cooking spray


  1. Preheat oven to 375ºF.
  2. With a mixer, beat canola oil, sugar, baking powder, and baking soda on medium speed until combined. Beat in eggs and zest. Reduce to low speed, gradually adding flour, and beat to a coarse meal texture. (Dough will be fairly dry at this point.) Add cherries and almonds. Using a spoon, blend thoroughly. Knead slightly and shape into two logs 9 inches long, 1/2 inch high, and 2 inches wide. Coat a large nonstick baking sheet with cooking spray and place logs on baking sheet.
  3. Bake for 18 minutes or until a wooden pick inserted in the center comes out clean. Cool on the baking sheet 20 minutes. Gently remove and place on a cutting board.
  4. Reduce heat to 325°F. Using a serrated knife, carefully cut each roll crosswise into 12 slices diagonally. Place slices cut-side down on cookie sheet and bake 9 minutes on each side or until crisp and light brown. Place baking sheet on a wire rack and cool completely.

Makes 24 biscotti.

Source: The Heart-smart Diabetes Kitchen

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