My Recipe

Thai Roasted Vegetable, Chicken and Rice Soup

Ingredients:

8 oz boneless skinless chicken breast
3 oz celery
4 oz canned straw mushroom
2 oz canned sliced bamboo shoot
1 cup cooked rice
2 (1½” long) fresh Thai red chili (thinly sliced) for garnish
5 to 6 sprigs cilantro (optional) for garnish

Chicken Marinade:

2 tsp fish sauce
2½ tsp water
1½ tsp cornstarch
1½ tsp oil

Roasting Ingredients:

2 oz lemongrass
2 oz galangal
8 lime leaf
4 (1½” long)Thai chili
1 bulb (2½ oz) garlic
4 oz shallot

Broth and Seasoning

7 cups water
1 chicken bouillon cube
1½ tsp or to taste fish sauce

Method:

  1. Preheat oven to 350°F.
  2. Rinse all roasting ingredients. Cut lemongrass into 1½” pieces. Cut off tips from garlic bulb. Remove skins from shallot and stems from chili.
  3. Wrap all roasting ingredients loosely in foil and place on a cookie sheet. Roast or bake for 20 minutes. Uncover foil and roast for another 15 minutes.
  4. Cut chicken into slices. Add marinade and set aside for about 30 minutes.
  5. Cut celery into 1/2” slices and bamboo shoot slices into strips.
  6. Cut straw mushroom into halves. Rinse and drain.
  7. Boil 7 cups of water in a wok or pot. Add roasted ingredients and bring to a boil. Cover and cook on medium heat for 15 minutes. Discard roasted ingredients. Add bouillon cube and rice. Stir to break up lumps of rice. Bring to a boil. Add celery, straw mushroom, bamboo shoot and chicken. Bring to a boil and cook for about 2 minutes or until chicken is cooked through. Add fish sauce. Stir and remove from heat. Serve in individual bowls and garnish with sliced chili and cilantro.

Nutrition value for 1/6 portion of recipe:

Calorie 159, Fat 3.3 g, Carbohydrate 21 g, Fibre 2 g, Sugar 2 g, Cholesterol 24 mg, Sodium 676 mg, Protein 12 g.


Advertisements

What is for Lunch?

3-course Lunch that Promotes Nice Teeth and Oral Health

The Menu

Five Root-vegetable Salad

White Chicken Cuury with Multi-grain Rice

Dessert – Ice cream with Cocoa Cookies and Granola


The Restaurant

Increasing Dietary Fibre May Reduce the Risk of Developing Diabetes

New research published today in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) indicates that consuming greater quantities of dietary fibre reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Over 360 million people worldwide are estimated to be affected by diabetes, and this number is projected to increase to more than 550 million by 2030, with serious consequences for the health and economy of both developed and developing countries. While previous research has found an association between increased dietary fibre intake and a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes, most of these data come from the United States, and amounts and sources of fibre intake differ substantially between countries. In this article the authors evaluated the associations between total fibre as well as fibre from cereal, fruit, and vegetable sources, and new-onset type 2 diabetes in a large European cohort across eight countries, in the EPIC-InterAct Study. They also conducted a meta-analysis where they combined the data from this study with those from 18 other independent studies from across the globe.

Dagfinn Aune, a PhD student affiliated with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Imperial College London, analysed data from EPIC-InterAct together with colleagues. The EPIC-InterAct study is the world’s largest study of new-onset type 2 diabetes, and is coordinated by the MRC Epidemiology Unit at Cambridge University. EPIC-InterAct includes 12,403 verified incident cases of type 2 diabetes, and, for comparison, a sub-cohort of 16,835 individuals deemed representative of the total cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study including some 350,000 participants.

The authors divided the study participants into four equally sized groups from lowest to highest fibre intake, and assessed their risk of developing type 2 diabetes over an average of 11 years’ follow-up.

They found that participants with the highest total fibre intake (more than 26 g/day) had an 18% lower risk of developing diabetes compared to those with the lowest total fibre intake (less than 19g/day), after adjusting for the effect of other lifestyle and dietary factors. When the results were adjusted for body mass index (BMI) as a marker of obesity, higher total fibre intake was found to be no longer associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes, suggesting that the beneficial association with fibre intake may be mediated at least in part by BMI. In other words, dietary fibre may help people maintain a healthy weight, which in turn reduces the chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

When the authors evaluated the different fibre sources, they found that cereal fibre had the strongest inverse association: those with the highest levels of cereal and vegetable fibre consumption had a 19% and 16% lower risk of developing diabetes respectively, compared with those with the lowest consumption of these types of fibre. Again, these associations disappeared when the results were adjusted for BMI. By contrast, fruit fibre was not associated with a reduction in diabetes risk. Cereals accounted for 38% of the total fibre intake, and were the main source of fibre in all the countries involved in the study (with the exception of France where vegetables were the main source).

The authors also undertook a meta-analysis, where they pooled the data from this EPIC-InterAct study with those from 18 other independent studies (eight in the United States, four in Europe, three in Australia, and three in Asia). The meta-analysis included over 41,000 new-onset cases of type 2 diabetes and found that the risk of diabetes fell by 9% for each 10g/day increase in total fibre intake, and by 25% for each 10g/day increase in cereal fibre intake. They did not find a statistically significant relationship between increasing either fruit or vegetable fibre and reducing diabetes risk.

Dagfinn Aune said:

“Taken together, our results indicate that individuals with diets rich in fibre, in particular cereal fibre, may be at lower risk of type 2 diabetes. We are not certain why this might be, but potential mechanisms could include feeling physically full for longer, prolonged release of hormonal signals, slowed down nutrient absorption, or altered fermentation in the large intestine. All these mechanisms could lead to a lower BMI and reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes. As well as helping keep weight down, dietary fibre may also affect diabetes risk by other mechanisms – for instance improving control of blood sugar and decreasing insulin peaks after meals, and increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin.”

Professor Nick Wareham, senior author on the paper and Director of the MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, added:

“This work adds to the growing evidence of the health benefits of diets rich in fibre, in particular cereal fibre. Public health measures globally to increase fibre consumption are therefore likely to play an important part in halting the epidemics of obesity and of type 2 diabetes.”

Source: University of Cambridge

A Thick Vegetable Soup with No Herb, Spice or Broth

Ingredients

1 bunch green onion (about 8 to 10), trimmed
2 Tbsp butter
1 large potato, peeled and diced
1 large cauliflower, chopped (including the stalk)
5 cups water
salt and black pepper
1 cup milk, or more

Method

  1. Reserve the green tops of the green onion. Chop the white part and add to the butter in a pot and cook slowly for 5 minutes, until the onions are softened.
  2. Stir in the potato and cauliflower, cover, and cook over low heat for a further 5 minutes, shaking the pot from time to time.
  3. Add the water with the salt and pepper and bring to a boil. Cover the pot, then simmer for 20 minutes.
  4. Remove from the heat and allow the soup to cool slightly then puree until smooth. Return to the stove and add the milk, thinning the soup to the required consistency. Reheat gently, seasoning to taste.
  5. Finely chop the reserved green onion tops and stir into the soup just before serving.

Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Source: Onions


Today’s Comic