Daily Value for Added Sugars Coming to Food Labels

Food manufacturers will be required to tell consumers how much sugar is added to their products and show how the amount compares to recommended daily limits under new changes to nutrition labels proposed by the FDA on Friday.

Many nutritionists and public health experts blame rising amounts of added sugars in processed foods for contributing to rising rates of diabetes, obesity, and heart disease.

But it can be tough to tell how much of the sweet stuff is in processed foods. Nutrition labels only tally total sugars, a measure that includes both those naturally present in foods like fruits and vegetables and those that are added during manufacturing.

Food labels also list ingredients by weight, so the higher up on the ingredient list, the more sugar is in a food. But manufacturers use many different names for added sugars, such as dextrose and fructose. And they sometimes use several different kinds of sugar in the same product so they can list each one lower down on the ingredient list — further obscuring the total amount.

“It’s a great public health victory,” says Jim O’Hara, director of health promotion policy at the nonprofit Center for Science in the Public Interest. “This is what consumers need to know so they can make healthy choices. They need to know that 20-ounce [soda] has about 130% the daily value of added sugar.”

In March 2014, the FDA proposed adding the amount of added sugars, in grams, to food labels. The agency said Friday it is revising that proposal to also tell consumers how much added sugar a food contains relative to a total daily limit — a measure called the percent daily value.

Specifically, regulators are proposing that people limit the added sugar they eat to no more than 10% of their total daily calories. For a person who eats 2,000 calories a day, that’s about 12 teaspoons of sugar a day. A teaspoon of sugar is about 16 calories.

“The FDA has a responsibility to give consumers the information they need to make informed dietary decisions for themselves and their families,” says Susan Mayne, PhD, director of the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, in a news release.

The advice for the past decade has been to cut back on added sugars in the diet, she says, “and the proposed percent daily value for added sugars on the Nutrition Facts label is intended to help consumers follow that advice.”

The change comes after the FDA reviewed the recent recommendations of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The committee’s report found that it was hard for a person to get all the recommended nutrients in their diet if they also ate more than 10% of their total daily calories as sugar.

The proposed changes will be open for public comment for 75 days.

The food industry has lobbied hard to keep added sugars off food labels. Public policy experts say they expect significant push back on the changes.

“I expect the food industry — led by the Grocery Manufacturers Association — to go berserk over this one,” says Marion Nestle, PhD, in an email to WebMD. Nestle is a professor of nutrition, food studies, and public health at New York University. She predicts food makers will go to Congress to try to block the changes.

Source: WebMD


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FDA Wants to Strengthen Sugar Labeling . . . . .

What’s for Dinner?

Italian Dinner

The Menu

Bacon, Cheese and Egg Carbonana Pasta

Trout and Sake Kasu Pizza

Lemon Sorbet


The Restaurant

Microwaved Salmon with Hollandaise Sauce

Ingredients

4 salmon steaks, about 6 oz each
salt and pepper

Sauce

1/2 cup butter
2 tbsp lemon juice
3 egg yolks

Method

  1. Put the butter in a microwave-safe bowl and cook on medium in the microwave oven for 2 minutes, or until melted. Add the lemon juice and the egg yolk and beat lightly.
  2. Cook on medium for 1 minutes. Beat again and season to taste.
  3. Transfer the sauce to a heated sauce boat and keep warm.
  4. Place the fish in a shadow microwave-safe dish. Cover and cook on high for 3½ to 4 minutes. Rearrange the steaks and turning them over once during cooking. Serve with the sauce.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Fish and Shellfish

Shrimp and Dishes

Deep-water Shrimp (ホッコクアカエビ)


Sashimi

Nigiri Sushi

Stir-fried with Garlic Salt

Deep-fried

Tomato Spagehtti

Noodle Soup

More Exercise = More Fat Loss for Older Women, Study Finds

Doubling the amount of time spent in heart-pumping workouts each week paid off after a year.

Older women who fit more minutes of heart-pumping exercise into their week will lose more body fat, a new study shows.

Canadian researchers found that postmenopausal women who got five hours of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise every week — double the normally recommended amount — lost significantly more body fat within a year than women who exercised less.

“More is better. That’s definitely what we found here,” said study author Christine Friedenreich, a scientific leader in the department of cancer epidemiology and prevention research at Alberta Health Services-CancerControl Alberta, in Calgary. “If you can do more, you will do better.”

The U.S. National Institutes of Health currently recommends that adults get at least two hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity every week, the authors noted in background information.

Previous research has shown that exercise does decrease body weight and total body fat, Friedenreich said, but her research team wanted to know whether increasing a person’s “dose” of exercise would produce even better results.

To test this theory, the researchers recruited 384 women whose body mass index (BMI) ranged from 22 to 40. A BMI under 25 is considered healthy, while 30 or more is considered obese. All women were disease-free, nonsmokers and were not taking hormone replacement therapy.

Half of the women were asked to exercise the recommended minimum amount of two hours and 30 minutes a week, while the other half had to exercise for five hours a week.

The women could take part in any aerobic activity they liked, as long as they kept their heart rate within 65 percent to 75 percent of their heart rate reserve for at least half of each exercise session. Most activities involved an elliptical trainer, walking, bicycling or running. Heart rate reserve is the gap between a person’s resting and maximum heart rate.

“It’s not light activity,” Friedenreich said of the exercise required. “It’s something that definitely causes an increase in your heart rate.”

Researchers measured each woman’s body fat before and after, using X-rays and CT scans, to track their progress after a year’s worth of exercise.

The investigators found that the women who got the minimum amount of exercise did experience improvements in weight and BMI and, on average, lost body fat.

However, women who doubled their exercise regimen experienced significantly more reduction in BMI and total body fat. They also lost more belly fat, and their waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio decreased significantly more.

The findings were reported in the online edition of JAMA Oncology.

Body fat has been linked to increased breast cancer risk, because fat produces the female hormone estrogen and also increases insulin resistance and inflammation, Friedenreich pointed out.

“It’s been very clearly shown that if you gain weight over your lifetime and if you are overweight after menopause, that increases your risk of breast cancer,” she said.

Alpa Patel, an epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society, said “these results allow us to say that there’s this much benefit if you exercise the minimum 150 minutes recommended, and there’s this much more benefit added if you can get that to 300 minutes.”

In this study, the women were asked to maintain their usual diet, Friedenreich said.

Women can achieve even greater weight loss and fat reduction if they pair an increase in exercise with a healthy diet, said Kerri Winters-Stone, a research professor at the Oregon Health & Science University School of Nursing, in Portland.

Other studies have shown that combining diet and exercise can provide better weight loss results than either diet or exercise on their own, said Winters-Stone, who wrote a commentary that accompanies Friedenreich’s study.

“It really boils down to an energy balance equation,” she said. “You can get there quicker by changing diet and exercise, rather than trying to achieve it by exercise alone.”

Winters-Stone added that increasing exercise is a good idea, but people need to make sure they understand their own physical limitations. Overuse injuries can occur if a person heedlessly pursues a stringent exercise regimen.

“People can kind of reach their max,” she said. “Overexercise tends to exacerbate knee pain, for instance, or it might cause an old shoulder injury to flare up.”

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


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