Cute Food: Sweet Fish-shaped Pie

Sea Bream Pie with Almond Cream Filling and Marron Glace

The price of each pie is 3,000 Yen (about US$ 25).

Chinese Chiu Chow Style Crispy Noodle


240 g fresh egg noodle
1 tsp salt
4 stalks yellow chive

Dipping Sauce

red vinegar and sugar


  1. Bring half wok of water to a boil with 1 tsp salt, cook noodles until al dente. Remove and drain. Absorb excess moisture with paper towel.
  2. Heat 3 to 4 tbsp oil in the wok. Add noodles and spread them evenly. Fry over medium low heat until golden and crispy. Turn over and fry the other side until both sides are golden and crispy.
  3. Cut yellow chives into 2 cm sections. Sprinkle them on the plate. Place cooked noodles on top and serve with dipping sauce.

Source: Chinese Rice and Noodles

Humour: The “Y” Chromosome

People born before 1946 are called The Greatest Generation.

People born between 1946 and 1964 are called The Baby Boomers.

People born between 1965 and 1979 are called Generation X.

And people born between 1980 and 2010 are called Generation Y.

So why do we call the last group Generation Y?

Y (Why) should I get a job?

Y should I leave home and find my own place?

Y should I clean my room?

Y should I wash and iron my own clothes?

Y should I contribute money to the home?

Y should I help buy food?

Y should I get a car when I can borrow yours?

But perhaps this cartoonist explains it best of all:

Just thought you might like to know “Y”.

Tooth Fillings of the Future May Incorporate Bioactive Glass

A few years from now millions of people around the world might be walking around with an unusual kind of glass in their mouth, and using it every time they eat.

Engineers at Oregon State University have made some promising findings about the ability of “bioactive” glass to help reduce the ability of bacteria to attack composite tooth fillings – and perhaps even provide some of the minerals needed to replace those lost to tooth decay.

Prolonging the life of composite tooth fillings could be an important step forward for dental treatment, the researchers say, since more than 122 million composite tooth restorations are made in the United States every year. An average person uses their teeth for more than 600,000 “chews” a year, and some studies suggest the average lifetime of a posterior dental composite is only six years.

The new research was just published in the journal Dental Materials, in work supported by the National Institutes of Health.

“Bioactive glass, which is a type of crushed glass that is able to interact with the body, has been used in some types of bone healing for decades,” said Jamie Kruzic, a professor and expert in advanced structural and biomaterials in the OSU College of Engineering.

“This type of glass is only beginning to see use in dentistry, and our research shows it may be very promising for tooth fillings,” he said. “The bacteria in the mouth that help cause cavities don’t seem to like this type of glass and are less likely to colonize on fillings that incorporate it. This could have a significant impact on the future of dentistry.”

Bioactive glass is made with compounds such as silicon oxide, calcium oxide and phosphorus oxide, and looks like powdered glass. It’s called “bioactive” because the body notices it is there and can react to it, as opposed to other biomedical products that are inert. Bioactive glass is very hard and stiff, and it can replace some of the inert glass fillers that are currently mixed with polymers to make modern composite tooth fillings.

“Almost all fillings will eventually fail,” Kruzic said. “New tooth decay often begins at the interface of a filling and the tooth, and is called secondary tooth decay. The tooth is literally being eroded and demineralized at that interface.”

Bioactive glass may help prolong the life of fillings, researchers say, because the new study showed that the depth of bacterial penetration into the interface with bioactive glass-containing fillings was significantly smaller than for composites lacking the glass.

Fillings made with bioactive glass should slow secondary tooth decay, and also provide some minerals that could help replace those being lost, researchers say. The combination of these two forces should result in a tooth filling that works just as well, but lasts longer.

Recently extracted human molars were used in this research to produce simulated tooth restoration samples for laboratory experiments. OSU has developed a laboratory that’s one of the first in the world to test simulated tooth fillings in conditions that mimic the mouth.

If this laboratory result is confirmed by clinical research, it should be very easy to incorporate bioactive glass into existing formulations for composite tooth fillings, Kruzic said.

The antimicrobial effect of bioactive glass is attributed, in part, to the release of ions such as those from calcium and phosphate that have a toxic effect on oral bacteria and tend to neutralize the local acidic environment.

“My collaborators and I have already shown in previous studies that composites containing up to 15 percent bioactive glass, by weight, can have mechanical properties comparable, or superior to commercial composites now being used,” Kruzic said.

Source: Oregon State University

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