Infographic: What Alcohol Does to Your Body and Brain

See large image . . . . .

Source: Business Insider

Grilled Scallops with Lemon & Roasted Pepper Relish

Ingredients

2 tbsp red wine vinegar
1 tbsp minced shallots
1/2 lemon
1 red bell pepper, roasted and finely chopped
1 tsp capers, drained and chopped
1/4 cup olive oil
1 lb large scallops
1 tbsp olive oil
salt and freshly ground black pepper

Method

  1. Combine the vinegar and shallots and let stand for about 10 minutes.
  2. Cut 1/4 of the lemon into really thin slices and then chop those finely (removing any seeds) and add to the shallots.
  3. Add the roasted pepper, capers, olive oil and the juice from the remaining 1/4 lemon to the shallot mixture. Season the relish with salt and pepper.
  4. Brush the scallops with olive oil and grill over high heat.
  5. If serving these as a passed appetizer, thread the scallops on skewers and pour the relish over top while still warm. They can also be plated up quite nicely—drizzle the relish around the plate for a beautiful colour presentation.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Western Living

Scientists Debunk ‘Dumb Blonde’ Myth

Contrary to the long-running joke, the stereotype of the “dumb blonde” is, well, just plain dumb, researchers report.

The researchers found that women and men with natural blonde hair had IQ scores similar to people with other hair colors.

And, women with natural blonde hair actually had a slightly higher average IQ score (103.2) than those with brown hair (102.7), red hair (101.2) or black hair (100.5), but the difference was not statistically significant, according to the study.

While many consider “blonde jokes” harmless, that attitude can have serious consequences, according to study author Jay Zagorsky, a research scientist at Ohio State University.

“Research shows that stereotypes often have an impact on hiring, promotions and other social experiences,” he said in a university news release. “This study provides compelling evidence that there shouldn’t be any discrimination against blondes based on their intelligence.”

Zagorsky and his colleagues looked at data from nearly 10,900 white American baby boomers who had IQ tests in 1980.

“I don’t think you can say with certainty that blondes are smarter than others, but you can definitely say they are not any dumber,” Zagorsky said.

He and his colleagues couldn’t determine if there are any genetic links between hair color and intelligence, but they did find that blondes were more likely than people with other hair colors to grow up in homes with more reading material.

The study findings were published recently in the journal Economics Bulletin.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

In Pictures: Foods of the Queens Comfort Restaurant in New York City

Casual Dining

The Restaurant

Warning: High-intensity Training Could Hurt You If You’re not an Athlete

High-intensity ‘sprint training’ may be gaining popularity at gyms, but if you’re new to this form of exercise, the workout could do more harm than good.

A study by Canadian and European researchers found signs of stress in the muscle tissues of their non-athlete, untrained subjects after ultra-intense leg and arm cycling exercises. Perhaps more concerning, researchers reported the untrained subjects had a weakened ability to fight off free radicals, molecules that can alter DNA and harm healthy cells.

“Our study raises questions about what the right dose and intensity of exercise for the average person really is,” said Robert Boushel, the study’s senior author and director of the University of British Columbia’s School of Kinesiology. “We need to be cautious about supporting sprint training in the general population.”

The researchers analyzed tissue samples from their test subjects and found that their mitochondria, the powerhouse of cells, were only firing at half-power post-training, reducing their capacity to consume oxygen and their ability to fight off damage from free radicals. High levels of free radicals in the body have been linked to a number of medical conditions, including cancer, premature aging and organ damage.

The potential long-term adverse effects of high-intensity sprint training are unknown, but Boushel and other researchers are continuing to study different levels of exercise, measuring the dosing of training against different biomarkers for health.

“If you’re new to going to the gym, participating in high-intensity ‘sprint’ classes may increase your performance but might not be healthy for you,” said Boushel.

Seasoned athletes and those who are well trained have built up antioxidant enzymes in their bodies to protect against free radicals, said Boushel. He recommended beginners start slowly and gradually increase intensity over time, under the supervision of a trained professional or kinesiologist.

Background

The study was carried out in a dozen male volunteers in Sweden, all of whom were in good health but self-identified as untrained or only moderately active. The men participated in high-intensity training over the course of two weeks that involved repeated 30-second all-out sprints, followed by rest periods.

The study, High-intensity sprint training inhibits mitochondrial respiration through aconitase inactivation, is published in The Official Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal.

Source: EurekAlert!


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