Summer Treats: Icy Desserts

Blackberry Granita, Halo-Halo, and Mezcal Mango Slushee

Bourbon Cabinet, Piña Colada, and Pineapple Crushed Ice

Maillard Reaction: The Most Delicious Chemical Reaction In The World

Why does fresh, hot toast have a more complex flavor than plain bread? Why does cooking raw food in general result in mouthwatering smells and a rich taste? The answer lies with the Maillard reaction, also known as the “browning reaction.” By delving into how this process works, this video helps you get the most deliciousness out of your cooking.

Watch video at You Tube (2:53 minutes) . . . .

Grilled Rib-eye Steak with Butter Sauce


1/4 cup olive oil
2 tbsp Tabasco sauce
6 garlic cloves, minced
2 tsp salt
3 rib-eye or strip loin steaks, at least 1 inch thick, about 12 oz each


  1. In a small bowl or measuring cup, stir oil with Tabasco, garlic and salt. Place steaks on a large plate and brush mixture over both sides. Let stand, uncovered, at room temperature, from to 2 hours.
  2. Lightly oil grill. Preheat barbecue to medium-high. Place steaks on barbecue and grill, turning halfway through, until meat resists slightly when pressed, about 10 minutes for medium-rare. Remove meat to a cutting board. Thickly slice steaks and arrange on a platter. Spoon some Tarragon Beurre Blanc (see recipe below) down centre of slices. Serve with Caesar Salad.

Makes 6 servings.

Tarragon Beurre Blanc


1/4 cup cold butter, preferably unsalted
1/2 cup dry white wine
2 large shallots
1 tsp dried tarragon
1/4 tsp salt
1/4 tsp ground white pepper (optional)


  1. Cut butter into 4 cubes. Place in freezer until needed. Mince shallots or garlic and onion, if using. They should measure about 1/2 cup in total.
  2. Place wine, shallots or garlic-onion mixture, tarragon, salt and pepper in a small saucepan over medium-high heat. Bring to a boil, stirring often, then reduce heat to medium. Simmer, uncovered and stirring often, until about 1 tablespoon liquid remains in pan, from 5 to 7 minutes.
  3. Reduce heat to medium-low. Remove butter from freezer. Whisk in butter 1 cube at a time. Make sure each cube is melted before adding the next one. Mixture will form a creamy dressing. It’s important not to boil sauce or butter will separate.
  4. Remove from heat. Sauce is best warm or at room temperature. Spoon over grilled steak or serve alongside in small dipping bowls.

Source: Chatelaine

Sunday Funnies

High Levels of Education Linked to Heightened Brain Tumor Risk

Gliomas, in particular, more common among university-educated, large observational study shows.

A university degree is linked to a heightened risk of developing a brain tumour, suggests a large observational study, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Gliomas, in particular, were more common among people who had studied at university for at least three years than they were among those who didn’t go on to higher education, the data show.

The researchers base their findings on more than 4.3 million Swedes, all of whom were born between 1911 and 1961 and living in Sweden in 1991.

They were monitored between 1993 and 2010 to see if they developed a primary brain tumour, and information on educational attainment, disposable income, marital status, and occupation was obtained from national insurance, labour market,and national census data.

During the monitoring period, 1.1 million people died and more than 48,000 emigrated, but 5735 of the men and 7101 of the women developed a brain tumour.

Men with university level education, lasting at least three years, were 19% more likely to develop a glioma–a type of cancerous tumour arising in glial cells that surround and support neurons in the brain–than men whose educational attainment didn’t extend beyond the period of compulsory schooling (9 years).

Among women, the magnitude of risk was 23% higher for glioma, and 16% higher for meningioma–a type of mostly non-cancerous brain tumour arising in the layers of tissue (meninges) that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord–than it was for women who didn’t go on to higher education.

Taking account of potentially influential factors, such as marital status and disposable income, only marginally affected the size of the risk, and only among the men.

High levels of disposable income were associated with a 14% heightened risk of glioma among men, but had no bearing on the risk of either meningioma or acoustic neuroma–a type of non-cancerous brain tumour that grows on the nerve used for hearing and balance.

Nor was disposable income associated with heightened risk of any type of brain tumour among the women.

Occupation also seemed to influence risk for men and women. Compared with men in manual roles, professional and managerial roles (intermediate and high non-manual jobs) were associated with a 20% heightened risk of glioma and a 50% heightened risk of acoustic neuroma.

The risk of glioma was also 26% higher among women in professional and managerial roles than it was for women in manual roles, while the risk of meningioma was 14% higher.

Single men also seemed to have a significantly lower risk of glioma than married/co-habiting men, but, on the other hand, they had a higher risk of meningioma. No such associations were evident among the women.

This is an observational study so no firm conclusions can be drawn about cause and effect, and the researchers point out that they were not able to glean information on potentially influential lifestyle factors.

But they emphasise that their findings were consistent, and they point to the strengths of using population data.

Source: BMJ