Date and Pecan Buns

Ingredients

Sweet Dough

2 teaspoons active dry yeast
5 tablespoons sugar
3/4 cup lukewarm milk
2-1/4 cups plain (all-purpose) flour
1-1/2 oz butter, melted
1 egg yolk

Filling

1-1/2 cups dates
3/4 cup pecans
1 oz butter
1/4 cup brown sugar
1 egg, lightly beaten

Method

  1. To make the dough, place the yeast, 2 teaspoons of the sugar and all of the milk in a bowl and mix to combine. Set aside in a warm place for 5 minutes or until bubbles appear on the surface.
  2. Place the flour, butter, yolk and remaining sugar in a bowl. Add the yeast mixture and mix until a smooth dough forms. Knead on a lightly floured surface for 5 minutes or until smooth and elastic, adding a little extra flour to the dough if it becomes too sticky.
  3. Preheat the oven to 160°C (320°F).
  4. Place the dates, pecans, butter and sugar in the bowl of a food processor and process until roughly chopped.
  5. Roll out the dough to a 14 in x 10 in rectangle. Spread with the date mixture, roll to enclose and slice into 7 pieces.
  6. Arrange all the pieces in a greased 8-inch round cake tin. Cover with a clean tea towel and set aside in a warm place for 1 hour or until doubled in size.
  7. Brush with the egg and sprinkle with the sugar. Bake for 45 minutes or until dark golden. Serve warm or cold.

Makes 7 buns.

Source: Donna Hay

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New Year Sweets to Celebrate the Year of Rooster in Japan

The price for the 9-piece set is 2,376 yen and the 12-piece set is being sold for 3,024 yen by The Cozy Corner Cake Shop in Ginza.

How Much Toothpaste You Should Actually Use

We want to keep our pearly whites shiny and cavity free, so we use a generous amount of toothpaste every time we brush. But the bristles do most of the cleaning, so we’re actually overdoing it when it comes to toothpaste, says Steven Goldberg, a dentist in Manhattan. All you need is a pea-size amount of fluoride toothpaste to get the job done (see above image). Kids younger than 6 should use even less — about the size of a grain of rice.

The recommendations are smaller for children because there’s concern they may swallow some toothpaste, and in extreme cases, they can experience fluorosis, brown spots on the teeth from too much fluoride. There is no harm if adults use more toothpaste than recommended, says Ana Paula Ferraz-Dougherty, a dentist and spokesperson for the American Dental Association. But as Goldberg points out, a lot of (fairly) expensive toothpaste will go down the drain.

“Using enough toothpaste to cover the entire brush head will only go to waste and be spit out into the sink,” Goldberg says. “Most people are using too much, because they follow what they’ve seen in advertisements and commercials.”

Source: Greatist


Excerpt from ADA.org: Shining Smiles! Module 2: Keeping Teeth Bright and Healthy

. . . . . . 2. Brushing teeth. What can you do to keep your teeth clean and healthy? [Brush your teeth.] How many of you brush your teeth? Great! How often should you brush your teeth? [Twice a day.]

What do you put on your toothbrush? Yes, toothpaste. Why do you use toothpaste? [Cleans better than just water, gets the food off your teeth, makes your teeth stronger, makes your mouth taste good.] Those are all good answers.

Does anyone know how much toothpaste you should put on your toothbrush? [Listen to a few suggestions.]

You might be surprised, but you only need a very little bit of toothpaste on your toothbrush — about the size of a little green pea. [Demonstrate putting a pea-sized amount of toothpaste on a toothbrush.]

I have a very important question. When you are brushing your teeth, what do you do with the toothpaste in your mouth?

Yes. Spit out all the toothpaste! Don’t swallow it. Toothpaste is for cleaning your teeth, not your stomach! . . . . .

Source: American Dental Association

Infographic: How to Have Perfect Hygiene — According to Science

See large image . . . . .

Source: Business Insider

Scientists Find New Gene Tool for Predicting Course of Prostate Cancer

Researchers from UR Medicine’s Wilmot Cancer Institute and Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo reported in the journal Oncotarget, they have discovered a possible new tool for predicting whether prostate cancer will reoccur following surgery based on the expression patterns of four genes.

The Wilmot/Roswell Park tool was able to predict recurrence, based on human tissue samples and known patient outcomes, with 83 percent accuracy. Currently the only other way to estimate tumor aggressiveness is with a Gleason score, a grading system for prostate tumors that has limited power in most cases, researchers said.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and the incidence is expected to rise with an aging population. Some prostate cancers grow very slowly, and when the disease is detected early the five-year survival rates are nearly 100 percent. However, some men are diagnosed with more aggressive localized disease and even after having a radical prostatectomy to remove the entire prostate gland, cancer will return in one-third of patients.

“Our study sought to improve upon the prediction tools used in these types of cases so that oncologists would know with more certainty when to recommend additional treatment, such as radiotherapy, immediately after surgery,” said Hucky Land, Ph.D., director of research at Wilmot and the Robert and Dorothy Markin Chair of the University of Rochester Medical Center Department of Biomedical Genetics, who led the research. (Most patients receive no further treatment after surgery.)

Earlier, Land’s lab discovered a large group of non-mutated genes that are actively involved in cancer development. After analyzing expression of this gene set in frozen prostate cancer tissue samples, researchers discovered the four-gene signature, which was expressed differently in prostate cancer that later returned. Justin Komisarof, an M.D./Ph.D. student in the Land lab, developed the various algorithms and methods to evaluate the gene signature. The research team concluded that their tool outperformed other scientific methods, and they have applied for a U.S. patent.

Source: University of Rochester Medical Center


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