Liquid Nitrogen-chilled Kit Kat Served at New Cafe in Japan

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The Sweet

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Apple ‘Tarte Fine’

Ingredients

5 egg yolks
500 g puff pastry
flour, for dusting
15 golden delicious apples
3 tbsp caster (superfine) sugar
120 g butter
Grand Marnier, for drizzling, optional

Ice Cream

260 ml cream
260 ml milk
100 g glucose
1 vanilla bean, scraped
60 g sugar

Caramel Sauce

200 g sugar
50 ml water
260 ml cream

Method

  1. Turn on ice cream machine to cool down. Preheat oven to 220ºC.
  2. To make the ice cream, place the cream, milk, glucose and scraped vanilla bean in a saucepan and heat to just below boiling.

  3. Place sugar and egg yolks in a bowl and whisk to combine. While whisking, slowly pour hot cream mixture over eggs until well combined. Return mixture to the saucepan and set over medium heat, stirring, until mixture thickens and coats the back of the spoon. Remove from heat, strain into a bowl and cool down over iced water.
  4. Churn cooled mixture in an ice cream machine according to manufacturer’s instructions. Once churned, set aside in the freezer.
  5. To make the tarts, roll out the pastry on a lightly floured work surface to 3 mm thick.
  6. Using a 15 cm round cutter, cut out six discs & place on grease proof paper lined tray. Crimp the edges with fingertips pressing firmly. Prick each disc with the tines of a fork to prevent the pastry from rising and set aside in the fridge.
  7. Cut the ends off each apple then peel, cut three cheeks off each apple avoiding the core. Slice each apple cheek as thinly as possible. Cut out 6 x 2.5 cm discs of apple.
  8. Remove pastry discs from fridge and fan apple slices on each puff pastry disc until only a small hole remains in the center. Fill the hole with a disc of apple.
  9. Sprinkle each tart with sugar and place a dot of the butter on top. Place in the oven to bake until apple is colored, about 20 minutes.
  10. Remove from the oven, drizzle lightly with Grand Marnier, flip over tarts then return them to oven to continue cooking until brown and crispy. About a further 5-10 minutes.
  11. To make the caramel sauce, place sugar and water in a saucepan and set over medium heat. Cook, brushing down the saucepan sides with water until sugar is golden and caramelized. Remove from heat, add cream and whisk to combine.
  12. Serve tarts with ice cream and caramel sauce

Makes 6 servings.

Source: Australian Masterchef

‘Diet Foods’ to Skip

Julie Davis wrote . . . . . . .

Certain packaged foods marketed as “lite” or “diet” versions may not be helping your weight-loss efforts or your goal to eat healthier.

Here are 5 to cross off your shopping list.

  • Rethink your drink and skip the diet soda. Research done at Purdue University shows that drinking lots of soda with artificial sweeteners can boomerang and cause weight gain and even diabetes. Opt for water or herbal tea to stay hydrated and curb appetite between meals.
  • Skip all diet foods that replace fat with sugar, like low-fat cookies. Keep in mind that even healthy-sounding foods like no-fat yogurt can be guilty of this unhealthy switch if flavored with sugar-added fruit.
  • Ditch the reduced-fat peanut butter, which replaces good-for-you mono-unsaturated fats with sugar. Opt for regular, no-sugar-added peanut butter — just watch portion sizes because it’s calorie-dense.
  • Margarine is often marketed as a good substitute for butter, but the ingredients in stick margarine are hardly healthy. The better alternative to both is extra virgin olive oil.
  • Multigrain bread sounds great, but unless it’s made from a variety of whole grains, you’re getting refined flours without the original nutrients or the appetite-satisfying effect of fiber. Ditto with granola, which also has lots of carbs (often from added sugars), but not necessarily whole grains.

To shop smart, always read the labels on all packaged diet foods to see whether high-fat, high-calorie ingredients were replaced with healthy ones.

Source: HealthDay

Ditch These 3 Common Foot Problems

Catherine Roberts wrote . . . . . . .

When you have foot problems, the simple act of walking can become an ordeal. And foot pain is a common annoyance, especially for people on their feet for long periods of time at work, those involved in activities that include running and jumping, and those who are overweight, which puts extra pressure on the feet.

Foot pain is also a frequent reason for a poorer quality of life as we age. A study published this year in the journal Gerontology found that one in five older adults has foot pain regularly. And some research suggests that older people with aching feet are more likely to also have pain in their back, hips, knees, and hands and wrists—and to exhibit signs of depression.

“When our forbears began to walk erect some 6 million years ago, little did they know the downsides of such evolutionary advancement,” says Marvin M. Lipman, M.D., Consumer Reports’ chief medical adviser. “But the result of this abuse of our feet—whether from athletics, obesity, work, or bad footwear—has been pain and sometimes disability.”

Here, the lowdown on three common foot problems, the likely causes, and how to ease the discomfort.

Skin and Nail Conditions

What the problem could be: Corns and calluses (hard, thick patches of skin caused by rubbing) are the most frequent factors in foot pain for older adults, according to a 2016 study.

A close runner-up? Nail conditions such as ingrown toenails and fungal infections.

What to do: Prevent them with footwear that fits without pinching or rubbing, and don’t go sockless. If you develop a corn or callus, your doctor can help you safely remove the extra layers of skin.

To avoid fungus, always wear footwear in public places such as locker rooms. If you notice discoloration or a thickening of your nails, a podiatrist can confirm whether it’s a fungal infection and prescribe medication.

Cutting toenails straight across and filing them at the sides to avoid jagged edges helps prevent ingrown toenails, says Jane Andersen, D.P.M., a podiatrist in Chapel Hill, N.C. If you have difficulty with this, go to a podiatrist for toenail grooming.

Bone and Joint Pain

What the problem could be: Bone deformities such as bunions (when the big-toe joint becomes misaligned) and hammertoes (when one or more smaller toes is bent at the middle) are often the cause of pain.

These may occur when footwear—especially shoes with a narrow front or a high heel—puts undue pressure on toes, says Sandra Klein, M.D., an associate professor of orthopedic surgery at Washington University in St. Louis. Toe arthritis can also cause foot pain.

What to do: To prevent or ease pain caused by bunions and hammertoes, choose shoes with a round, deep toe box, Andersen says. (In severe cases, some people choose surgery.)

“For arthritis, especially of the toes, footwear with a stiffer sole helps reduce pain by keeping foot joints from having to bend so much,” Klein says.

Tingling or Numbness

What the problem could be: About a third of people with diabetes have foot numbness and tingling, according to Marian Hannan, D.Sc., a professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School.

This is not only uncomfortable, but with numbness, wounds on the feet may also go unnoticed and untreated—and worsen.

Tingling may also signal a problem elsewhere, Klein says, such as a pinched nerve in your back.

What to do: If you have diabetes, check your feet daily for cuts and blisters, and talk with a doctor or podiatrist about care. If you don’t have diabetes, a doctor can determine whether an injury might be causing your tingling feet.

Who Should Care for Your Feet?

If your feet are bothering you, see your primary care provider, Lipman says. He or she can evaluate you and refer you to a specialist, such as one of the following:

Podiatrist: This specialist receives a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.) degree after four years of podiatric medical school and three years of hospital residency. Podiatrists can prescribe orthotics, treat ingrown toenails, provide diabetic foot care, and perform surgical procedures such as bunionectomies and hammertoe repair.

Physiatrist: After medical school, these M.D.s complete four years of residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation. They often work with physical therapists, using nonsurgical methods to treat pain and conditions such as plantar fasciitis (usually marked by heel pain) and ankle sprains.

Orthopedic surgeon: These specialists are M.D.s with five years of residency, usually in general and orthopedic surgery. They can offer surgical treatments for foot problems such as clubfoot, tendon pain, and fractures.

Source: Consumer Reports

Even a One-Minute Run Might Help a Woman’s Bones

Just a minute or two of running every day could strengthen your bones, new research suggests.

British scientists found that women who engage in “brief bursts” of any high-intensity, weight-bearing physical activity had 4 percent better bone health than their less active peers.

“We don’t yet know whether it’s better to accumulate this small amount of exercise in bits throughout each day or all at once, and also whether a slightly longer bout of exercise on one or two days per week is just as good as one to two minutes a day,” said study author Victoria Stiles. She’s a senior lecturer in Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Exeter.

“But there’s a clear link between this kind of high-intensity, weight-bearing exercise and better bone health in women,” Stiles said in a university news release.

For the study, the researchers compared data on more than 2,500 women. The women wore monitors for one week to track their activity levels, and underwent ultrasounds of their heel bones to assess their bone health.

“We wanted to make every second count in our analysis, because short snippets of high-intensity activity are more beneficial to bone health than longer, continuous periods,” Stiles said. “We were careful not to ignore short bursts of activity throughout the day.”

Women who exercised intensely for more than two minutes each day had 6 percent better bone health. For younger women, this was the equivalent of a medium-paced run. For postmenopausal women, this meant a slow jog, the researchers said.

Since the findings are based on a particular group of women at a specific point in time, it’s unclear if the intense physical activity improved the women’s bone health or if women with stronger bones tend to do more of this type of exercise. So, the study did not prove that running causes bone health to improve.

“However, it seems likely that just one to two minutes of running a day is good for bone health,” Stiles said.

Source: HealthDay


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