Rare White ‘Translucent’ Lobster Caught by Maine Fisherman

Eliza Murphy wrote . . . . . .

This lobster looks like a shining pearl of the sea.

Maine fisherman Alex Todd caught the rare white lobster on Aug. 24.

“I’ve never seen a white one. This one was translucent with just a hint of blue in it,” Todd, 48, of Chebeague Island, told ABC News.

The Maine Coast Fishermen’s Association thinks the lobster had a partial loss of pigment due to a genetic condition called leucism.

“It was really different and really cool,” said Todd, a 10th generation fisherman who’s had his lobster license since he was 6 years old.

Source: abc News

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Pasta with Chicken Meatballs

Ingredients

1 slice white bread
2 tbsp milk
1/2 cup chopped chives or green onions
1/2 cup finely chopped mint
1 egg
1 tsp Dijon mustard
1 tsp Worcestershire sauce
1 tsp dried oregano
1/2 tsp salt
500 g ground chicken
3 cups fusilli or rotini pasta
4 garlic cloves, minced
4 plum tomatoes, chopped
1/4 tsp salt
1/4 tsp pepper
1/4 cup red or white wine
1 cup freshly grated parmesan

Method

  1. If crust on bread is hard, cut off and discard. Tear bread into small pieces and place in a small bowl. Add milk and mash with a fork until pasty.
  2. Prepare chives and mint.
  3. In a large bowl, whisk egg with Dijon, Worcestershire, oregano and 1/2 tsp salt until blended. Stir in the bread mixture. Crumble in chicken. Sprinkle with 2 tbsp each chives and mint. Using your hands or a fork, work just until evenly mixed. (Over-mixing toughens meatballs.)
  4. Bring a large pot of water to a boil.
  5. Lightly coat a large frying pan with oil and set over medium heat. Slightly dampen your hands and roll meat mixture into 1-inch balls, adding to the oil as each is formed. Don’t crowd pan. They’ll need to be cooked in at least 2 batches. Turn often until lightly browned, 5 to 7 minutes. Remove each to a large plate when done. Repeat with remaining meatballs, adding more oil if needed.
  6. While meatballs are browning, cook pasta, following package directions, until al dente, 7 to 9 minutes.
  7. Prepare garlic and tomatoes.
  8. When all meatballs are removed from pan, add garlic, tomatoes, and 1/4 tsp each salt and pepper. Stir frequently until tomatoes start to break down, 2 to 3 minutes.
  9. Pour in wine. Scrape up and stir in any brown bits from pan bottom. Cook, uncovered and stirring occasionally, until tomatoes become saucy, about 4 minutes.
  10. Add meatballs. Cover and stir often until they are cooked through, from 2 to 4 more minutes.
  11. Drain cooked pasta, then stir with tomato-meatball mixture and Parmesan. Serve in bowls sprinkled with remaining herbs.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Chatelaine magazine

In Pictures: Avocado Hearts

How to make

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14 Types of Headaches and How to Treat Them

Tammy Worth wrote . . . . . .

Why your head hurts

If you think about it, it’s strange that headaches even exist. The brain itself can’t feel pain, so what gives? Experts now think surrounding tissues, brain chemicals, blood vessels, and nerves produce the pain signals.

“We know a lot more than we did 20 years ago about what causes headaches,” says Charles Flippen, MD, associate professor of neurology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. “We know what areas of the brain are generating pain, but we don’t have the whole picture.”

That said, here are 14 headache types, their causes, and more importantly—how to make them go away.

Rebound headaches

Much like overuse of nasal decongestants can lead to a perpetually stuffy nose, rebound headaches are chronic headaches caused by medication overuse.

How often is too often? Regularly taking any pain reliever like acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) more than twice a week, or taking triptans (migraine drugs) for more than 10 days a month, can put you at risk for rebound headaches in just a few months.

Don’t try to treat these on your own. A doctor can help you stop the culprit drug, using alternatives until it’s out of your system.

Tension headaches

This is the most common type of headache, which usually feels like a constant aching or pressure—rather than throbbing—on both sides of the head or at the back of the head and neck.

Triggers can include stress, anxiety, bad posture, and clenching your jaw, and these headaches can become chronic, although they usually aren’t severe. Experts aren’t sure of exact cause, although it may be due to altered brain chemicals or mixed signals in the nerves leading to the brain.

These usually respond to over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen. Stress-relief may help.

Dental headaches

There are dental-related conditions that can trigger headaches or face pain, such as bruxism and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ).

Bruxism is grinding your teeth at night, while TMJ affects the joints, located just in front of your ear, which connect the jaw to the skull.

TMJ can be caused by bad jaw alignment, stress, poor posture (like sitting at a computer all day), or arthritis, which affect the cartilage, muscles, or ligaments in the jaw.

Your dentist can help diagnose these types of headaches, and treatment includes stretching the jaw, hot or cold packs, stress reduction, and bite guards.

Cluster headache

These one-sided headaches are short-lived (15 minutes to 3 hours), but excruciating. These are so painful they’re sometimes called the suicide headache. (Check out this video about how to tell the difference between cluster headaches and migraines).

Cluster headaches recur regularly, even multiple times daily, over a certain period of time and then may be followed by a headache-free period of months or even years. There may be redness and tearing in one or both eyes. More common in men than women, cluster headaches can be treated with triptans or oxygen (OTC painkillers may not help). Triggers can include alcohol, cigarettes, high altitudes, and certain foods.

Migraines

Migraines are severe headaches that are three times as common in women as men. The cause isn’t clear, but genes do play a role, and brain cell activity may affect blood vessel and nerve cell function.

One common migraine trigger is change, including hormones, stress, and sleeping or eating patterns.

“If you know skipping meals is a trigger, don’t skip meals while menstruating and having a late night,” says Peter Goadsby, MD, director of the Headache Center at the University of California, San Francisco. Treatment can include acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or triptans (such as Imitrex or Zomig), which are drugs that help treat or prevent migraines. (Check out this video to find out more about migraines.)

Caffeine headaches

You love your coffee, but it can be a cruel companion. For example, if you have two cups of coffee every day at 9 a.m., and then miss those cups when you oversleep on Saturday—boom!—you can end up with a caffeine withdrawal headache.

You will be more likely have them, though, if you drink a lot (say, five cups of coffee a day), then go cold turkey.

You have two options, Dr. Goadsby says, “You can take caffeine when you normally do and feed the addiction, or quit altogether.”

Orgasm headaches

Orgasm-induced headaches are caused by, well, having an orgasm.

These are relatively rare and are more common in younger people, particularly men, Dr. Flippen says. They usually start shortly after intercourse begins and end in a “thunderclap” headache at climax.

A dull headache can often linger for hours or a day. Dr. Flippen says that there is often no known cause for these headaches and they usually go away on their own. He does recommend seeing a doctor, however; in rare cases they can be a sign of something more serious. A dose of pain reliever before sex may help ease the pain.

Early morning headaches

If you’re waking up in pain, there are several possible culprits. Migraines are more likely to happen in the morning, or medication may be waning in your body as you sleep, which causes a rebound headache, Dr. Goadsby says.

Sleep apnea sufferers may also be more prone to headaches early in the day, as are those with dental headaches.

Finally—and this one is the least likely, so relax all of you hypochondriacs out there—it could be a symptom of a brain tumor, Dr. Goadsby says.

Sinus headaches

These types of headaches win the gold medal for overdiagnosis, according to Dr. Goadsby.

People with migraines often mistake them for sinus headaches. (One study found that 88% of people with a history of sinus headaches probably had migraines instead.) Symptoms like sinus pressure, nasal congestion, and watery eyes can happen in both types.

A true sinus headache is related to an infection and comes with nasal discharge that is green or tinged with red, says Dr. Goadsby. Sinus infections often resolve with time or antibiotics, if necessary, and shouldn’t cause nausea or light sensitivity, which are migraine symptoms.

Ice cream headache

Brain freeze! Most people have experienced the shooting head pain that can occur while enjoying a icy cold drink or treat on a hot day. People with migraines may be especially prone to them.

They have an impressive medical name—sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia—but they’re not all that serious. Experts think a cold sensation on the roof of the mouth can cause an increase in blood flow to one of the brain’s arteries.

The cure? Take a momentary break from the frosty goodness until the pain subsides, or sip warm water to help constrict the brain artery.

Chronic daily headaches

If you have a headache at least 15 days per month for more than three months you’re considered to have chronic daily headaches, says Dr. Goadsby.

These could be caused by overuse of pain medications (ie, rebound headaches), head injury, or in rare cases, meningitis or tumors.

If there is no obvious cause, it could be because your body’s pain signals are heightened or not working properly.

These headaches may respond to antidepressants; beta blockers like atenolol, metoprolol, or propanolol (used to treat high blood pressure and migraines); anti-seizure medications like gabapentin or topiramate; pain relievers like naproxen (Aleve); and even Botox injections.

Menstrual headaches

As if PMS wasn’t bad enough, the sudden drop in estrogen right before your period can sometimes trigger migraines, Dr. Flippen says.

These usually occur between three days before and two days after your period has started. Other women may have PMS-related headaches that aren’t migraines.

These arrive about six days or so before your period, at the same time as any moodiness, cramping, or other PMS symptoms. Dr. Flippen recommends over-the-counter headache remedies; magnesium supplements may also help PMS-related head pain.

Weekend headaches

Some people may experience headaches that mainly show up on the weekend. These are thought to be caused by oversleeping on weekend mornings, going to bed later at night, or caffeine withdrawal.

Also, if your stress level is high all week, the weekend release may trigger a headache.

Over-the-counter pain medications can be helpful, as can sticking to your regular sleep-wake schedule.

Emergency headaches

Most headaches aren’t an emergency, but there are a few symptoms that warrant rapid attention, says Dr. Flippen. One is a sudden onset headache that is quickly “explosive.” Another is when a headache comes with a fever or extreme rise in blood pressure, or if it occurs after a blow to the head or exertion.

Other problematic symptoms include vision or speech change, neck stiffness, dizziness, loss of sensation, or muscle weakness on one side of the body. Call 911 if you have these worrisome symptoms in addition to headache.

Source : Health

Eating Meat Linked to Higher Risk of Diabetes

While a plant-based diet is generally considered healthier than a meat-based diet in preventing the risk of diabetes, not all meats affect the risk equally. As Professor Koh Woon Puay of Clinical Sciences at Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS), and her team found out, higher intakes of red meat and poultry are associated with a significantly increased risk of developing diabetes, which is partially attributed to their higher content of heme iron in these meats. This study provides the foundation for evidence-based dietary recommendations to the Singapore population in mitigating diabetes risk and reducing the healthcare burden of this chronic condition.

These findings come from the Singapore Chinese Health Study, which recruited 63,257 adults aged 45–74 years between 1993 and 1998, and then followed them up for an average of about 11 years. The study found a positive association between intakes of red meat and poultry, and the risk of developing diabetes. Specifically, compared to those in the lowest quartile intake, those in the highest quartile intake of red meat and poultry had a 23 per cent and 15 per cent increase in risk of diabetes, respectively, while the intake of fish/shellfish was not associated with risk of diabetes. The increased risk associated with red meat/poultry was reduced by substituting them with fish/shellfish.

In trying to understand the underlying mechanism for the role of red meat and poultry in the development of diabetes, the study also investigated the association between dietary heme-iron content from all meats and the risk of diabetes, and found a dose-dependent positive association. After adjusting for heme-iron content in the diet, the red-meat and diabetes association was still present, suggesting that other chemicals present in red meat could be accountable for the increase in risk of diabetes. Conversely, the association between poultry intake and diabetes risk became null, suggesting that this risk was attributable to the heme-iron content in poultry.

This is one of the largest Asian studies looking at meat consumption and diabetes risk. While the findings are consistent with other Western studies that have shown that the increased intake of red meat and increase in heme-iron content of diet could increase the risk of diabetes, this study demonstrated the additional risk of red meat attributable to other possible chemicals, other than its heme-iron content. It also suggested that chicken parts with lower heme-iron contents such as breast meat, compared to thighs, could be healthier. Finally, the study also demonstrated the benefit of replacing red meat or poultry with fish/shellfish.

Describing the key take home message for the public, senior author of the study Professor Koh said, “We don’t need to remove meat from the diet entirely. Singaporeans just need to reduce the daily intake, especially for red meat, and choose chicken breast and fish/shellfish, or plant-based protein food and dairy products, to reduce the risk of diabetes. At the end of the day, we want to provide the public with information to make evidence-based choices in picking the healthier food to reduce disease risk.”

“Although a number of western studies have consistently shown that red meat consumption should be moderated, this study is highly relevant as it is based on local population and consumption patterns. The findings affirm HPB’s recommendation to consume red meat in moderation, and that a healthy and balanced diet should contain sufficient and varied protein sources, including healthier alternatives to red meat such as fish, tofu and legumes,” said Dr Annie Ling, Director, Policy, Research and Surveillance Division, Health Promotion Board.

Source: Duke-NUS Medical School


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