Bagels with Butternut Squash, Paprika and Pine Nuts

Ingredients

bread flour 240 g
cake flour 30 g
rye flour 30 g
sugar 24g
sea salt 6g
mashed butternut squash 180 g
water 60 g
fresh yeast 6 g
old dough 60 g (see recipe below)
pine nuts 60 g
paprika 6 g

For Blanching

water 8 cups
sugar 60 g

Method

  1. Cut the butternut squash into large chunks with skin on. Bake in an oven until soft. Remove to cool. Peel and set aside.
  2. Put all ingredients (except the pine nuts) into a mixer and knead until smooth. Add pine nuts and stir well.
  3. Put the dough in a large bowl. Cover with cling wrap and set aside for 30 minutes.
  4. Divide the dough into 6 equal portions. Roll each portion into thick strand.
  5. Press each strand into a strip and press the ends flat while looping it. Join the ends together with some overlapping. Roll the seam to seal well. If the hole isn’t big enough, put your finger through it and turn the dough to enlarge it. Set aside for 30 minutes.
  6. Boil water and maintain the temperature at 80 to 90°C. Blanch each side of the bagel for 30 seconds. Drain and transfer onto a baking tray. Let them proof for 15 more minutes.
  7. Brush egg wash over bagels. Bake in a preheated oven at 180°C for 15 to 18 minutes until golden.

Old Dough

Ingredients

250 g bread flour
150 g water
5g fresh yeast
1 g sea salt

Method

  1. Mix all ingredients in a mixing bowl. Leave it to proof at room temperature for 3 to 4 hours. Or you can leave it the fridge for over 10 hours.
  2. Take what you need for your recipe and cut up the leftover into pieces in unit weight required by your recipes. Shape into balls and keep in the freezer. They last up to 2 to 3 months. Just thaw them at room temperature before use.

Source: Devoted to Bread-making

In Pictures: Character Breads

Infographic: GDPR – EU’s General Data Protection Regulation

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Source : Zero Hedge

A Diet Rich in Plant-based Foods and Low in Meat May Prevent Obesity

David Railton wrote . . . . . . . .

According to new data, a diet rich in plant-based foods and low in meat — without strictly following a vegetarian or vegan diet — may offer protection against obesity in middle-aged and older adults.

Experts already know that diets that emphasize plant-based over animal-based foods — such as vegetarian or vegan diets — can decrease the risk of obesity.

However, scientists do not yet know how strictly these diets need to be followed to reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese later in life.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that, in the United States, obesity is highest among middle-aged and older adults.

Around 40 percent of 40–59-year-olds and 37 percent of adults aged 60 and over are obese, compared with about 32 percent of those aged 20–39.

Analyzing data from the Rotterdam Study

A team from Erasmus University Medical Center, based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, examined long-term health information collected as part of the Rotterdam Study. The data included 9,641 adults with an average age of 62 years who took part in this ongoing population-based study.

In particular, the researchers were interested in the participants’ diet, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, weight in relation to height (fat mass index), and body fat percentage.

The team created a scoring system to categorize the amount of plant-based foods the participants consumed compared with the amount of animal-based food they consumed.

In this system, the participants received points for eating nuts, fruits, and vegetables, and were deducted points for eating meat, dairy, and fish. So, the higher an individual’s score, the more closely they adhered to a plant-based diet.

Their results were recently presented at the European Congress on Obesity, held in Vienna, Austria.

Plant-based diets and BMI scores

The team found that people with the highest scores on the index were more likely to have a lower BMI over the long-term. This association still held true after accounting for factors that could have influenced the results, such as total energy intake, levels of physical activity, and socioeconomic background.

Participants with a score of 10 on the index had significantly lower average BMI and fat mass index scores compared with participants that scored zero on the index. Higher scores were also linked with lower waist circumference and lower body fat percentage.

The study suggests that these associations are stronger in people aged 45–65 than those over 65.

Crucially, the researchers explain that there were various ways that participants could achieve the higher scores without necessarily becoming entirely vegan or vegetarian. For instance, swapping 50 grams of red meat for 200 grams of vegetables each day would give someone a high score.

It is important to bear in mind, however, that these findings can only demonstrate a link between a high plant-based diet and reduced likelihood of being overweight or obese. The results do not prove cause and effect.

“Our study suggests that a more plant-based and less animal-based diet beyond strict adherence to vegan or vegetarian diets may be beneficial for preventing overweight/obesity in middle-aged and elderly populations.”, said lead study author Zhangling Chen

She continues, “In other words, eating a plant-based diet to protect against obesity does not require a radical change in diet or a total elimination of meat or animal products.”

“Instead,” Chen adds, “it can be achieved in various ways, such as moderate reduction of red meat consumption or eating a few more vegetables. This supports current recommendations to shift to diets rich in plant foods with low consumption of animal foods.”

Source: Medical News Today

Even at ‘Safe’ Levels, Air Pollution Puts Seniors at Risk

For older people, breathing in dirty air puts them at risk of being hospitalized with a dangerous respiratory disease, a new study suggests.

Among U.S. seniors, hospital admissions for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) rose as levels of both ozone and fine particulate matter increased — even when the pollutants were within levels now considered safe, the researchers said in a news release from the American Thoracic Society.

“While there is growing evidence of the impact on lung health of numerous air pollutants, there have been few studies that have looked at acute respiratory diseases and air pollution across large populations,” said lead author Jongeun Rhee. She is an epidemiologist at Harvard’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.

Rhee and her colleagues analyzed data from nearly 30 million Medicare beneficiaries who were discharged from U.S. hospitals from 2000 through 2012. Using ZIP codes, the investigators were able to calculate seniors’ annual exposure to fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, in the air as well as to ozone from April through September.

The researchers also developed models that allowed them to link pollution levels with hospitalizations due to ARDS. They found a significant link between changes in levels of fine particulate matter and ARDS admission rates among older people.

While the study found a connection between pollution and hospitalization for ARDS, it didn’t prove a link.

ARDS is a progressive, often fatal, disease that causes fluid to leak into the lungs, making breathing difficult or impossible, the study authors explained. Older people and those with serious health issues — such as sepsis, pneumonia or traumatic injury — are at greater risk.

“We highlighted the importance of air pollution as an environmental risk factor for ARDS, which has not been studied widely but contributed to a previous finding that was limited to ozone,” Rhee said in the news release.

The study also found that ARDS admissions increased even when older people were exposed to pollution levels that were within National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

The study’s senior author, Dr. David Christiani, is a professor of environmental genetics at T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

He said the “findings are unique in showing that the adverse health effects of air pollution on our senior citizens now include acute respiratory failure, and that an increase in hospitalization for ARDS in seniors occurs at the current U.S. air pollution standards.”

He went on to say that “these results add to the growing body of literature on various adverse health effects at current standards that demonstrate a need to lower our exposure limits.”

The study was scheduled for presentation Wednesday at the annual meeting of the American Thoracic Society, in San Diego. Research presented at meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Source: HealthDay


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