Video: Pizza-making Robot to Challenge Traditional Pizzaiolos Worldwide

Are robots about to take over the world-wide famous culinary art of pizzas? This is what French start-up Ekim believes with its brand new concept of a pizzaiolo robot.

Usually seen in factories, this robot is capable of spreading tomato sauce on the pizza base, put the pizza in the oven, take a cardboard box and cut the pizza.

The robot gestures have been synchronized on those of a real-life pizzaiolo, from the art of spreading the dough to the technique of putting oil and pepper on top of a steaming pizza.

Able to perform several tasks at once with its three arms, inventors say the pizza-making robot can deliver a pizza every thirty seconds and up to 120 an hour, when a simple human reaches at best 40 pizzas an hour.

But it’s not all about being fast. All the ingredients offered to the customers are organic and carefully selected in France and Italy.

The idea sprouted in the heads of two French engineers as they were still in university. Fed up with eating low-quality fast food – the only meals they could afford at the time – they started thinking about a solution which could reconcile rapidity and quality at any hour of the day.

As one would with a traditional vending machine serving coffee or snacks, the concept will allow anyone to order a freshly cooked pizza at any time of the day or night.

The robot pizza hasn’t left its showroom just outside Paris but Ekim are currently looking for a place in the French capital to install their autonomous restaurant and plan to franchise their concept as soon as 2019 for it to cross the French border into Europe and the rest of the world.

But at the O’Scia pizzeria in central Paris, the chef is made of flesh. Neapolitan born and bred, Vittorio Monti has golden hands and the pizzas that come out of his oven are as close as it gets to pizza heaven. His art, he says, cannot be reproduced by a robot.

Although he admits a human being will always cost more than a robot, there’s no way a robot can adapt to the living ingredients he uses every day.

Watch video at You Tube (4:23 minutes) . . . . .


Chinese-style Braised Pork Belly with Preserved Mustard Cabbage


8 oz preserved mustard cabbage (梅菜)
2 lb pork belly, rind on
2 tablespoons dark soy sauce
oil for frying


1-1/2 pieces fermented red bean curd (南乳)
1 tablespoon soybean paste (豆醬)
1-1/2 tablespoons oyster sauce
2 tablespoons dark soy sauce
2 teaspoons sugar
4 star anise
2 tablespoons oil
2 garlic cloves, bruised
4 slices ginger, smashed with the flat side of a cleaver


  1. Soak the preserved mustard cabbage in cold water for 4 hours. Drain and wash well in a sink full of water until the water is clear of grit. Drain again, then cut the cabbage into 3/4 inch pieces.
  2. Scrape the pork rind to make sure it is free of any bristles.
  3. Bring a large clay pot or braising pan full of water to a boil and add the pork belly. Simmer, covered, for 40 minutes, or until tender.
  4. Remove and drain the pork. When cool enough to handle, prick holes over the skin with a fork. Rub the soy sauce over the skin.
  5. Heat a wok with a lid over medium heat, add 2 tbsp of the oil and heat until hot. Add the pork belly, skin side down, and cook for 5-8 minutes, or until the skin is crispy.
  6. Turn over the pork to brown the meat. Cover the wok slightly with the lid to protect you from the fat—the pork will sizzle violently as it cooks.
  7. Remove the pork to a bowl of hot water for 30 minutes to make the skin bubble up and soften.
  8. Take out the pork from the bowl and cut it into 3/4 inch wide strips. Set aside.
  9. To make the sauce, put the fermented bean curd, soybean paste, oyster sauce, soy sauce, sugar and star anise in a bowl. Heat a wok over medium heat, add the oil and heat until hot. Cook the garlic for 30 seconds, then add the sauce mixture and the ginger. Cook for 1-2 minutes, or until aromatic.
  10. Add the pork and coat with the sauce, then add 3 cups water and mix well. Cover and bring to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 40 minutes.
  11. Add the mustard cabbage and cook for 15 minutes.
  12. If the sauce is too thin, boil it, uncovered, for a few minutes, until it thickens.

Makes 6 servings.

Source: The Food of China

In Pictures: Foods of El Celler de Can Roca in Girona, Spain

Modern European Cuisine

The Restaurant – Second of The World’s 50 Best Restaurants, 2018

FDA Approves First Implantable Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the Eversense Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) system for use in people 18 years of age and older with diabetes. This is the first FDA-approved CGM system to include a fully implantable sensor to detect glucose, which can be worn for up to 90 days.

“The FDA is committed to advancing novel products that leverage digital technology to improve patient care,” said FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. “These technologies allow patients to gain better control over their health. This approval of a more seamless digital system that gives patients the ability to effectively manage a chronic disease like diabetes is a vivid illustration of the potential for these mobile platforms. The FDA is creating a new and more carefully tailored regulatory approach for software products, including mobile medical apps, that will enable efficient oversight of these digital technologies and maintain FDA’s gold standard for product review. We’re advancing a more modern approach for these products that’s carefully adapted to the unique characteristics of these opportunities.”

People with diabetes either do not make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). When the body does not have enough insulin, or cannot use it effectively, sugar builds up in the blood. High blood sugar levels can lead to heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and amputation of toes, feet or legs. Individuals living with diabetes must regularly monitor their glucose levels as part of the management of the disease. This includes making sure that diabetes management accessories, like most current glucose sensors, are replaced on a regular basis (generally, every seven days) to ensure that an overall CGM system is properly functioning.

The Eversense CGM system uses a small sensor that is implanted just under the skin by a qualified health care provider during an outpatient procedure. After it is implanted, the sensor regularly measures glucose levels in adults with diabetes for up to 90 days. The implanted sensor works with a novel light-based technology to measure glucose levels and send information to a mobile app to alert users if glucose levels are too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). The sensor is coated with a fluorescent chemical which, when exposed to blood sugar, produces a small amount of light that is measured by the sensor. Every five minutes, measurements are sent to a compatible mobile device (e.g., smart phone or tablet) that is running a device-specific mobile app.

The FDA evaluated clinical study data from 125 individuals aged 18 and older with diabetes and reviewed the device’s effectiveness by comparing readings obtained by the Eversense CGM system to those obtained by a laboratory-based glucose analyzer. The safety of the Eversense CGM system’s 90-day implantable sensor, and the procedure used to implant it, was also evaluated during the clinical studies. During these studies, the proportion of individuals experiencing a serious adverse event with the implanted sensor was less than 1 percent. The safety of this novel system will also be evaluated in a post-approval study. The FDA held an Advisory Committee meeting to provide an independent assessment of the safety and effectiveness of the Eversense CGM system. In an 8 to 0 vote, the committee recommended that the benefits of the Eversense CGM system outweigh the risks for patients with diabetes.

Potential adverse effects related to insertion, removal and wear of the sensor include allergic reaction to adhesives, bleeding, bruising, infection, pain or discomfort, scarring or skin discoloration, sensor fracture during removal, skin inflammation, thinning, discoloration or redness. Other risks associated with use of the CGM system may include hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia in cases where information provided by the device is inaccurate or where alerts are missed.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Study: Staying With 1 Doctor May Prolong Your Life

Steven Reinberg wrote . . . . . . . .

Sticking with one primary care doctor may help you stay healthy and extend your life, according to a new British study.

Researchers reviewed 22 studies from nine countries with different cultures and health systems. Of those, 18 concluded that staying with the same doctor over time significantly reduced early deaths, compared with switching doctors.

“Currently, arranging for a patient to see the doctor of their choice is considered a social convenience,” said lead researcher Dr. Denis Pereira Gray. “Now it is clear that it is about improving the quality of medical practice with profound implications for all health systems.”

Gray is an emeritus professor at the University of Exeter in England. He is also former president of the Royal College of General Practitioners and former chairman of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges.

He said this study is the first systematic review of the relationship between continuity of doctor care and death rates.

Not only can seeing the same primary care doctor prolong life, but the same holds true for specialists such as surgeons and psychiatrists, Gray said.

“Patients talk more freely to doctors they know, and doctors can then understand them better and tailor advice and treatment better,” he said.

Although technology has brought advances in medical care, Gray said, “this research shows that human factors like continuity of care remain important and are indeed a matter of life and death.”

A continuing relationship with one doctor has many benefits that can improve care, said Dr. Marc Siegel, a professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.

“The intangible aspect of knowing your patients, knowing their history, knowing their quirks, and knowing who they are can help predict outcomes and help you intervene,” said Siegel, who wasn’t part of the study.

At a time of increasing consolidation of medical information, communication among doctors is still fractured, he added. For example, patients who get their care in clinics or hospitals might not see the same doctor at each visit.

Plus, doctors today spend less time with each patient. “Less face time is disadvantageous,” Siegel said.

The personal relationship between a patient and caregiver should also include nurses, nurse practitioners and physician assistants, he added.

“The whole idea is a personalization of the health care industry and a continuity of care,” Siegel said.

That’s why it’s important to find what has been called a “medical home.” A medical home is a team-based approach to care coordinated by a primary care physician. Besides providing care, it’s a one-stop location for all your medical data and a place where caregivers know you and your needs, Siegel said.

Knowing you well also helps a primary care doctor refer you to the ideal specialist when needed.

“Once you have a good primary care doctor, follow their suggestions on who else to go to,” Siegel said. “Primary care doctors are guides. Good doctors know good doctors.”

The report was published online in the journal BMJ Open.

Source: HealthDay

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