New Food: Chocolate + Hot Dog

Chocolate chili sauce and cacao grainy mustard are put on the Danish sausage with sprinkle of chocolate.

The price is 918 yen each (tax included) in Japan.

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Spanish-style Egg and Potato Chip Tortilla

Ingredients

4 large eggs
2 cups coarsely crushed potato chips
2 tablespoons finely chopped Serrano ham
2 tablespoons finely chopped piquillo peppers
freshly ground pepper
1 teaspoon extra-virgin olive oil

Method

  1. Preheat the broiler and position a rack 8 inches from the heat.
  2. Beat the eggs in a medium bowl. Transfer half of the beaten eggs to another bowl, stir in the crushed potato chips and let stand until slightly softened, about 5 minutes.
  3. Add the remaining beaten eggs, Serrano ham and piquillo peppers and season with pepper.
  4. In a small nonstick ovenproof skillet, heat the olive oil. Add the egg mixture and cook over moderately high heat until the bottom is set and golden, about 3 minutes.
  5. Transfer the skillet to the broiler and broil for about 2 minutes, or until the top of the tortilla is golden and the center is slightly jiggly.
  6. Slide the tortilla onto a plate, cut in quarters and serve.

Makes 2 to 3 servings.

Source: Food and Wine magazine

In Pictures: Home-cooked Breakfasts

What Makes the Deadly Pufferfish So Delectable

Some people consider pufferfish, also known as fugu, a delicacy because of its unique and exquisite flavor, which is perhaps seasoned by knowledge that consumption of the fish could be deadly. Now, researchers have identified the major compounds responsible for the taste of pufferfish, minus the thrill of living dangerously. They report their results in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Pufferfish get their name from their ability to inflate to a much larger size when threatened by predators. But if that defense mechanism fails, the predator may not survive long after its meal: The liver, ovaries, eyes and skin of most species of pufferfish contain tetrodotoxin, a potent neurotoxin. Although specially trained chefs can prepare fugu that’s safe to eat, Yuan Liu and colleagues wondered if they could reproduce the flavor of pufferfish without the life-threatening toxin.

The researchers analyzed the key taste-active compounds in Takifugu obscurus, a species of pufferfish found mainly in the East and South China Seas. First, the team ground up pufferfish muscle tissue and cooked, filtered and centrifuged it to produce a liquid pufferfish extract. They then analyzed the extract and found amounts of 28 potential taste compounds, such as free amino acids, nucleotides and inorganic ions. Taste tests with trained panelists revealed that 12 of these compounds, when added to water, best simulated the flavor of pufferfish, which involved strong umami (savory) and kokumi (mouthfulness) components. When the researchers added two flavor peptides they isolated in a prior study, the imitation pufferfish extract tasted even more like the real thing.

Source : American Chemical Society

Body Size May Influence Longevity in Women, But Not Men

Steven Reinberg wrote . . . . . . . . .

Here’s a new study finding that’s bound to make tall, thin women happy: Their body size and their gender make it more likely they will reach the milestone age of 90 than either men or shorter, heavier women.

If these women exercised an hour a day, the longevity benefits were even greater, the Dutch scientists reported. While exercise helped men live longer, their body size did not.

The increase in life expectancy has started to plateau in some developed countries, said lead researcher Lloyd Brandts, from the department of epidemiology at Maastricht University Medical Centre, in the Netherlands.

One theory that might explain this is the growing number of obese and sedentary people, he said. But the new study unearthed a surprise.

“The findings indicate that both body size and physical activity are related to lifespan, but that these associations seem to differ between men and women,” Brandts said.

He cautioned, however, that this type of observational study can’t prove body size and physical activity cause people to live longer.

Brandts said that, in women, an increasing chance of reaching 90 was seen with up to 60 minutes of physical activity a day. Chances of reaching old age did not increase further with more exercise.

But, “in men, it seems the more time they spend physically active every day, the better it is for their chances of reaching old age,” he added.

In the study of over 7,800 men and women, the Dutch researchers also found that taller women who were thin at the start of the study and remained thin were more likely to make it to 90 than shorter, heavier women.

Women who were about 5 feet 9 inches tall were 31 percent more likely to reach 90 than women who were around 5 feet 3 inches tall, the findings showed.

Among men, however, height didn’t provide a similar advantage, the researchers found.

In terms of being physically active, men who exercised more than 90 minutes a day were 39 percent more likely to reach 90 than men who were physically active for less than 30 minutes.

Every extra 30 minutes of daily physical activity was linked with a 5 percent increase in the odds of turning 90, the investigators found.

For women, however, those who were physically active for 30 to 60 minutes a day were 21 percent more likely to reach 90, according to the report.

For the study, Brandts and colleagues collected data on just over 7,800 men and women, aged 55 to 69, who took part in the Netherlands Cohort Study, which began in 1986.

The participants gave information on their weight and height when they were 20. They also described their leisure time physical activity.

Activities included gardening, dog walking, working around the house, walking or cycling to work, and sports.

Participants were monitored until they died or they turned 90. Behavior and a history of illness also seemed to play a role in lifespan, as did smoking, the study authors said.

Dr. David Katz, director of the Yale University Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center, said, “Since most adults, both men and women, get less than an hour of physical activity daily, the takeaway message for now is more physical activity is better for both sexes.”

As to why height and weight affect lifespan for women, the answers are only speculative, Katz said. The benefit of being lean appears to be the common factor among both men and women, he added.

And it may be a problem of stigma and depression, he said.

“Women consistently suffer the effects of obesity bias more than men, so the mental health costs may be greater,” Katz suggested.

Because excess weight in men is less stigmatized, it may be that men with perfectly good mental health tend to gain weight over time, he said. Women, however, may be more reluctant to gain weight, and gaining weight may be indicative of poor mental health or other sources of duress, Katz noted.

The study was published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Source: HealthDay


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