What’s for Dinner?

Home-cooked Japanese Dinner

The Menu

Appetizers

  • Cold Tofu with Green Onion, Dried Bonito and Grated Ginger
  • Simmered Radish
  • Long-stamen Chive and Broad Beans with Miso, Vinegar and Sugar Dressing
  • Pickled Daikon

Iberico Pork Cutlet (トンカツ) and Shredded Cabbage

Green Asparagus Soup with Salmon Trout

Ingredients

2-1/4 lb green asparagus
salt
1 pinch sugar
2 sprigs tarragon
1 onion
2 tablespoons clarified butter
1 large potato
4 tablespoons cream
freshly ground white pepper
5-1/2 oz smoked salmon trout

Method

  1. Wash the asparagus thoroughly and remove the woody ends.
  2. Cook the woody ends in 4-1/2 cups salted water, flavoured with a pinch of sugar and 1 sprig of tarragon for 15 minutes.
  3. Peel the onion, chop finely and braise lightly in clarified butter until golden yellow.
  4. Dice the peeled potatoes, add to the saucepan and season with a little salt. Add some water, cover and cook.
  5. Strain the asparagus stock (broth) through a sieve into a second saucepan.
  6. Cut the asparagus into pieces 1-1/4-inch long, add the strained stock (broth) and cook for 10 minutes. Remove from the stock (broth) and drain.
  7. Remove the asparagus tips from the rest of the asparagus.
  8. Add half the remaining asparagus pieces to the saucepan with the onion and potatoes. Stir in 3/4 of the asparagus stock (broth). Add the cream and stir.
  9. Add the rest of the asparagus and the remaining tarragon leaves. Season with salt and pepper.
  10. Cut the salmon trout into small pieces and add to the soup. Serve hot.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Cooking with Asparagus

In Pictures: Food of Cava Grill Restaurant Chain in the U.S.

Mediterranean Fast Casual Cuisine

UK Should Slash Emissions to Net Zero by 2050, Say Climate Change Advisers

Isabelle Gerretsen wrote . . . . . . . . .

The UK should aim to cut its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, according to its chief advisory committee on climate change.

If adopted, the target proposed in a report by the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) would be the most ambitious emissions reduction goal set by any large economy.

Net zero means that any emissions are balanced by an equivalent amount taken from the atmosphere.

The UK government doesn’t have to act on the findings, but it commissioned the report after the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned last year that the world has less than 12 years to slash emissions and avoid disastrous levels of global warming. The IPCC says global greenhouse gas emissions need to reach net zero around 2050.

The CCC says the new target is “necessary, feasible and cost-effective” but that it requires drastic action, including phasing out petrol and diesel vehicles completely by 2035, planting 30,000 hectares of trees each year and cutting beef, lamb and dairy consumption by 20% by 2050.

At a briefing ahead of the report launch, Lord Deben, CCC chairman and former secretary of state for the environment, said, “This net-zero target puts us at the top of the pile. We say to the government: this can be done, you have the proof, but it won’t happen unless you take the lead.”

It comes a day after the UK parliament declared “an environment and climate emergency,” making it the first country in the world to do so, according to the opposition Labour Party.

To achieve the net-zero target tens of billions of pounds will need to be invested in renewable energy, electric vehicles, capturing and storing carbon emissions, and planting trees, according to the CCC.

Currently the UK has a target of curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, compared to 1990 levels. Emissions had fallen by 42% in 2016.

The CCC report suggests a 2045 target for Scotland as the country has “greater potential to remove pollution from its economy” and said Wales should aim for a 95% emissions reduction by 2050 due to its large sheep farming industry.

Following the release of the report, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said Scotland would commit to the new target and continue its “global leadership in tackling climate change.”

The new target encompasses all greenhouse gas emissions, including those from international aviation and shipping — two industries that do not fall under the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which calls on countries to reduce their carbon output and halt global warming below 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.

Costs to reach the 2050 goal will total 1-2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) per year, the same amount estimated for the current target, the report said.

The recommendations come as climate activism is sweeping the globe. In March, hundreds of thousands of schoolchildren walked out of class to protest their governments’ failure to curb emissions.

Last month, Extinction Rebellion activists glued themselves to trains and blocked major landmarks in London to demand climate action.

Extinction Rebellion activist Rupert Read told CNN that the 2050 target would not mitigate the long-term impacts of climate change and that the UK should aim to eliminate emissions by 2025.

“We [the UK] started the industrial revolution. We started the path that has lead us to this precipice. We have a responsibility to help lead a common way out of this looming catastrophe,” he said.

More than half of British adults, 54%, believe that “climate change threatens our extinction as a species,” according to a ComRes poll of 2,037 Great Britain adults online on 26-28 April 2019. Data were weighted to be representative of all adults.

Professor Jim Watson, director of the UK Energy Research Centre, said that a net zero UK economy is “technically achievable” but that it relies on the treasury monitoring “emissions as closely as we monitor GDP growth and employment.”

He added that a zero emissions strategy should provide “the right incentives for businesses and have justice at its heart.”

Mark Maslin, professor of climatology at University College London, said that the 2050 target is “too far in the future.”

“As one of the leading countries in the fight against climate change, Britain must adopt a 2030 zero-carbon target, giving us 10 years to put in place win-win solutions that reduce carbon emissions, save money and make Britain a better, cleaner place to live,” he said.

In its motion to Parliament on Wednesday to declare a climate emergency, the Labour Party called for the government to achieve net zero emissions before 2050, while the UK Green Party has said it wants to achieve net zero by 2030.

Source:

New Review Identifies Four Hallmarks of Cancer Metastasis

Adam Pope wrote . . . . . . . . .

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Kansas Cancer Center have identified four hallmarks of cancer metastasis — when cancer has spread to different parts of the body from where it started. Metastasis is believed to be the cause of up to 90 percent of cancer deaths.

Douglas Hurst, Ph.D., assistant professor in the UAB Department of Pathology, and Danny Welch, Ph.D., associate director of Education at the KUCC, conducted a literature review of more than 10,000 publications on metastasis, and published their findings in Cancer Research, from the American Association for Cancer Research.

Metastasis can be very difficult to treat. Virtually any cancer type can form metastatic tumors. The most common sites for cancers to metastasize include the brain, bones, lungs and liver. Other areas include the adrenal gland, lymph nodes, skin and other organs.

By defining the unique properties of metastatic cancer cells, Hurst says, he hopes to provide a conceptual framework to accelerate the discovery of treatment strategies.

“Our attempts to identify the underlying first principles of the metastatic process hopefully provide a means for simplifying the processes that are essential for all metastases to develop,” the authors said in the review.

Hurst and Welch identified four hallmarks of metastasis:

  1. Motility and invasion
  2. Modulation of the microenvironment
  3. Plasticity
  4. Ability to colonize

Defining the hallmarks of metastasis has been complicated by both heterogeneity among tumor cells, and the myriad interactions with other molecules and cells throughout the process, according to the authors.

Hurst and Welch say they hope that refining definitions and bringing together diverse data will identify vulnerabilities that metastasis researchers can exploit in the quest to treat cancer metastasis.

Hurst, who also serves as an associate scientist at the O’Neal Comprehensive Cancer Center at UAB, explains why metastasis is hard to understand.

“Metastasis is a highly complex pathological process,” Hurst said. “Increased specificity in defining the underlying principles is important to better understand and interpret the literature to move forward in the development of therapeutic interventions.”

Source: University of Alabama at Birmingham


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