What’s the Difference Between Crudo, Sashimi, Tartare, and Carpaccio?

Brette Warsaw wrote . . . . . . . . .

Let’s start with the most general term: crudo. “Crudo” is the Italian and Spanish word for “raw,” and it refers to a dish of uncooked stuff—usually fish, shellfish, or meat—dressed with some sort of seasoning, such as olive oil, citrus juice, and/or a vinaigrette-type situation. “Crudo” implies no specific size, shape, or technique involved with how said uncooked stuff is sliced, so it can serve as a blanket term for anything that’s raw and dressed.

Carpaccio is a type of crudo, but one in which the uncooked stuff is sliced or pounded super thin. It’s oftentimes made with fish, but you’ll also see meat or even vegetable carpaccios as well (though calling a salad a “crudo” would be a particularly eye-rolly thing to do). Like the others in the crudo category, carpaccios are dressed/drizzled, usually with an olive oil/lemon combo, and usually have some sort of garnish as well.

Another type of crudo is tartare, which is made of raw meat or seafood that’s chopped up and bound with some sort of sauce, dressing, and/or other seasonings. Like carpaccios, tartares are defined by the shape in which the raw stuff is sliced—in this case, usually minced or diced rather than sliced thinly.

Moving on: a raw preparation not in the crudo category is sashimi. Sashimi is made with carefully sliced raw fish that’s rarely marinated, sauced, or garnished; it’s more about the quality of the fish and the technique of the chef preparing it rather than any vinaigrettes or seasonings. For classic sashimi, the fish is killed in the manner of ike jime, in which a spike is inserted into its brain. This method, which kills the fish instantly, preserves its flavor and texture and keeps it fresher for longer.

While it’s not technically raw, it’s worth noting a crudo-family cousin: the ceviche. Ceviche is made up of raw seafood that’s marinated in citrus juice, which cures (or, in this case, “cooks”) it. Ceviche recipes call for around eight times the amount of acid found in dishes like crudo or tartare, and the fish sits in it for longer, allowing it to penetrate the raw stuff and transform its texture. Ceviche can be found all over Latin America, and its ingredients and garnishes totally vary on its locale; a ceviche in Peru, for example, is going to be different from a ceviche in Colombia or Mexico.

Tiradito is essentially a mash-up of all the stuff we’ve talked about; it’s made of raw fish, sliced thinly (like carpaccio or sashimi) and then marinated in an acidic mixture (like ceviche). It only cures for twenty or so minutes, however, rather than the longer baths that a ceviche typically gets. Tiradito is a part of Nikkei cuisine, a form of Japanese-Peruvian cooking that evolved after a nineteenth-century influx of Japanese immigrants to Peru. Turns out a lot of cultures have ways of making raw food delicious—and that great stuff happens when those traditions intertwine.

Source: What’s The Difference

Apple Pancakes with Maple Syrup Butter

Ingredients

scant 1-1/2 cups self-rising flour
1/2 cup superfine sugar
1 tsp ground cinnamon
1 egg
scant 1 cup milk
2 apples, peeled and grated
1 tsp butter

Maple Syrup Butter

3 oz butter, softened
3 tbsp maple syrup

Method

  1. Mix the flour, sugar, and cinnamon together in a bowl and make a well in the center. Beat the egg and the milk together and pour into the well. Using a wooden spoon, gently incorporate the dry ingredients into the liquid until well combined, then stir in the grated apple.
  2. Heat the butter in a large nonstick skillet over low heat until melted and bubbling. Add tablespoons of the pancake mixture to form 3-1/2-inch circles. Cook each pancake for about 1 minute, until it starts to bubble lightly on the top and looks set, then flip it over and cook the other side for 30 seconds, or until cooked through. The pancakes should be golden brown; if not, increase the heat a little. Remove from the skillet and keep warm.
  3. Repeat the above process until all of the pancake batter has been used up (it is not necessary to add extra butter).
  4. To make the maple syrup butter, melt the butter with the maple syrup in a pan over low heat and stir until combined.
  5. To serve, place the pancakes on serving dishes and spoon over the flavored butter. Serve warm.

Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Source: Brunch

In Pictures: Food of Afternoon Tea

Many Seniors Think They See Better Than They Actually Do

Many older people could improve their vision by getting glasses or a new prescription, a new study suggests.

Swedish researchers assessed 1,200 70-year-olds and found that most were content with their eyesight, but many overestimated how well they actually see.

The study found that 61.5% could significantly improve their vision by getting glasses or changing the power of the ones they already had, researchers said.

“We’re really healthy and have good eyesight in Sweden, and being 70 doesn’t have to mean your vision is poor,” said co-author Lena Havstam Johansson, a doctoral student at Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg.

“Visual impairment can creep up on you, making it difficult to notice that your eyes are getting worse. So it’s a good idea to visit an optician regularly when you get older, even if you don’t feel your sight is deteriorating,” Johansson said in a university news release.

The findings show that many older people who think their eyesight is good might be mistaken.

“Above all, it was reduced contrast sensitivity that made people think their sight was poor. Impaired visual acuity or visual field defects had less of an impact on how they perceived their own eyesight,” said study co-author Madeleine Zetterberg, a professor of ophthalmology at Sahlgrenska.

Having glasses of incorrect power was equally common among men and women, but men’s sight tended to be slightly better. Researchers said that could be due to a higher rate of cataracts among women.

Slightly more than 27% of women had cataracts, compared with just over 19% of men.

The most common eye diseases were cataracts (23.4%); age-related macular degeneration (4.7%), and glaucoma (4.3%). In all, 1.4% had diabetic retinopathy, changes in the retina due to diabetes.

The study was recently published in the journal Acta Ophthalmologica.

Source: HealthDay

Chronic Stress Can Cause Heart Trouble

Sometimes stress can be useful. But constant stress can affect overall well-being and may even impact heart health.

When stress is short-lived, it can help with performance in meeting a major deadline, interviewing for a new job or achieving another goal. Stress and its impact on the body can also be lifesaving in the face of danger.

But long-term stress induced by work troubles, financial difficulties or family discord is a different story, said Dr. Ernesto L. Schiffrin, physician-in-chief at Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital in Montreal.

“Irritability, anxiety, depression, rumination and insomnia or waking up in the middle of the night with anguish” can result from chronic stress, he said.

Ongoing stress not only takes an emotional and psychological toll, it can produce physical symptoms. Those may include headaches, an upset stomach, tense and aching muscles, insomnia and low energy.

Heart disease is another potential stress-related problem.

Stress may lead to high blood pressure, which can pose a risk for heart attack and stroke. Stress also may contribute to such cardiovascular disease risks as smoking, overeating and lack of physical activity.

“Chronic stress has been shown to be associated with increased cardiovascular events,” Schiffrin said. He pointed to a 2017 study in The Lancet that used images of part of the brain involved with fear and stress and found links between stress and cardiovascular disease episodes. Brain activity was studied along with bone marrow activity and artery inflammation.

“These findings illustrate mechanisms through which emotional stressors can lead to cardiovascular disease in human beings,” Schiffrin said.

Constant stress can impact creativity and productivity. For many people, the workplace is a source of stress.

About 2 in 3 employees say work is a significant source of stress, according to a recent report from the American Heart Association Center for Workplace Health Research & Evaluation. Job stress can stem from long hours, physical strain, high demand or job insecurity.

Annual expenditures on work-related stress has been estimated at $190 billion, while the cost of poor mental health, including depression and anxiety, has been pegged at $211 billion annually. The estimates encompass lost productivity and work absenteeism.

To minimize continual stress, set priorities for what is most important to you and aim for a life-work balance, Schiffrin said.

Make time for friends, family and laughter. Ease stress and improve mood through physical activity. Regular exercise helps to lower blood pressure and combat other cardiovascular disease risk factors. Mindful meditation and deep breathing can help manage stress. Consider yoga, which combines movement, controlled breathing and relaxation.

Sleep and stress are interconnected. Stress can affect sleep, and lack of sleep can, in turn, lead to more stress. Seven to eight hours of sleep per night is ideal, Schiffrin said.

“Better sleep hygiene is critical in management of stress and promotion of heart health,” he said.

Sleep in a cool, dark and quiet room; don’t exercise close to bedtime; and avoid eating or drinking in the hours before bedtime, especially alcohol and foods high in fat or sugar, he said.

For unending stress or symptoms of depression, talk with a health care provider about getting help.

Attempting to see a “silver lining” and adopting a positive attitude toward life may help reduce stress, Schiffrin said.

“Adopting some degree of serenity in the face of life’s challenges,” he said, “may help improve the perception of stress and result in better quality of life and better cardiovascular health.”

Source: American Heart Association


Today’s Comic