New Character Sweets of Krispy Kream Donut Japan

Rabbit Donuts

The donuts are available for a limited time period for 300 yen (plus tax) each.

Chinese-style Pineapple Chicken

Ingredients

300 g skinless boneless chicken thigh
3 stalks of spring onions, cut into sections
4 slices of pineapple, cut into pieces
2 eggs
cornstarch, chili and chopped garlic

Sauce

1/4 cup white vinegar
1 tsp salt
1 tbsp Worcestershire sauce
1/8 tsp sesame oil
pepper and orange food colouring

Method

  1. Beat eggs and cut chicken into pieces. Mix in beaten egg and coat with cornstarch.
  2. Deep-fry chicken at 160°C for 5 minutes or until golden brown. Remove and drain on paper towel.
  3. Heat frying pan with some oil, saute pineapple, spring onions, chili and chopped garlic.
  4. Mix in sauce ingredients.
  5. Add chicken. Stir-fry to combine. Remove to serving platter and serve hot.

Source: Chinese Cooking

In Pictures: Food of Asaya Kitchen in Hong Kong

Healthy Vegetarian and Seafood Cuisine

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Natural Compound in Vegetables Helps Fight Fatty Liver Disease

Paul Schattenberg wrote . . . . . . . . .

A new study led by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists shows how a natural compound found in many well-known and widely consumed vegetables can also be used to fight fatty liver disease.

The study demonstrates how non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD, can be controlled by indole, a natural compound found in gut bacteria – and in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, kale, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts. It also addresses how this natural compound may lead to new treatments or preventive measures for NAFLD.

The study was recently published in Hepatology and can be found on PubMed.gov.

“Based on this research, we believe healthy foods with high capacity for indole production are essential for preventing NAFLD and are beneficial for improving the health of those with it,” said Chaodong Wu, M.D., Ph.D., a Texas A&M AgriLife Research Faculty Fellow and principal investigator for the study. “This is another example where altering the diet can help prevent or treat disease and improve the well-being of the individual.”

About NAFLD and indole

NAFLD occurs when the liver becomes “marbled” with fat, sometimes due to unhealthy nutrition, such as excessive intake of saturated fats. If not properly addressed, this condition can lead to life-threatening liver disease, including cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Many diverse factors contribute to NAFLD. Fatty liver is seven to 10 times more common in people with obesity than in the general population. In addition, obesity causes inflammation in the body. Driving this inflammation are macrophages, types of white blood cells that normally battle infection. This inflammation exacerbates liver damage in those with liver disease.

Gut bacteria can also have an effect – either positive or negative — on the progression of fatty liver disease. These bacteria produce many different compounds, one of which is indole. This product of the amino acid tryptophan has been identified by clinical nutritionists and nutrition scientists as likely having preventive and therapeutic benefits to people with NAFLD.

The National Cancer Institute also notes the benefits of indole-3-carbinol found in cruciferous vegetables, including their anti-inflammatory and cancer-fighting properties.

A comprehensive and multi-level study on fatty liver disease

The present study examined the effect of indole concentrations on people, animal models and individual cells to help determine indole’s effect on liver inflammation and its potential benefits to people with NAFLD. It investigated the extent to which indole alleviates non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, incorporating previous findings on gut bacteria, intestinal inflammation and liver inflammation. It also incorporated investigation into how indole improves fatty liver in animal models.

For the study, researchers investigated the effects of indole on individuals with fatty livers. As research collaborator Qifu Li, M.D., was also a physician at Chongqing Medical University in China, the team decided he should lead the clinical research using Chinese participants.

In 137 subjects, the research team discovered people with a higher body mass index tended to have lower levels of indole in their blood. Additionally, the indole levels in those who were clinically obese were significantly lower than those who were considered lean. And in those with lower indole levels, there was also a higher amount of fat deposition in the liver.

This result will likely extend to other ethnicities, Li noted, though ethnic background may have some influence on gut bacteria populations and the exact levels of metabolites.

To further determine the impact of indole, the research team used animal models fed a low-fat diet as a control and high-fat diet to simulate the effects of NAFLD.

“The comparisons of animal models fed a low-fat diet and high-fat diet gave us a better understanding of how indole is relevant to NAFLD,” said Gianfranco Alpini, M.D., a study collaborator and former distinguished professor of Texas A&M Health Science Center, now the director of the Indiana Center for Liver Research.

Alpini said treatment of NAFLD-mimicking animal models with indole significantly decreased fat accumulation and inflammation in the liver.

The research team also studied how indole affected individual cells.

Shannon Glaser, Ph.D., a professor of Texas A&M Health Science Center, said that in addition to reducing the amount of fat in liver cells, indole also acts on cells in the intestine, which send out molecular signals that dampen inflammation.

“The link between the gut and the liver adds another layer of complexity to studies on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and future studies are very much needed to fully understand the role of indole,” Glaser said.

Additional nutrition research needed

“Foods with a high capacity of indole production or medicines that mimic its effects may be new therapies for treatment of NAFLD,” Wu said, adding prevention is another important aspect to consider.

“Preventing NAFLD’s development and progression may depend on nutritional approaches to ensure that gut microbes allow indole and other metabolites to function effectively,” he said. “Future research is needed to investigate how certain diets may be able to achieve this.”

Wu said in future research he hopes to collaborate with food scientists and clinical nutritionists to examine what healthy foods can alter gut microbiota and increase indole production.

Source: AgriLife Today

High Testosterone Levels Have Different Health Impact for Men and Women

Steven Reinberg wrote . . . . . . . . .

High levels of the sex hormone testosterone may trigger different health problems in men and women, a new study reveals.

In women, testosterone may increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, while in men it lowers that risk. But high levels of testosterone increase the risk for breast and endometrial cancer in women and prostate cancer in men, the researchers reported.

“Our findings provide unique insights into the disease impacts of testosterone. In particular, they emphasize the importance of considering men and women separately in studies, as we saw opposite effects for testosterone on diabetes,” said lead researcher Katherine Ruth, of the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom.

“Caution is needed in using our results to justify use of testosterone supplements until we can do similar studies of testosterone with other diseases, especially cardiovascular disease,” Ruth explained in a University of Cambridge news release.

Dr. Joel Zonszein, an emeritus professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, said there is a “sweet spot” of normal values for men and women. “Too much is not good, and too little is also bad,” he explained.

“Testosterone supplementation is widely used in both men and women with normal values with no good evidence of benefit. Testosterone replacement in truly deficient individuals is something else,” said Zonszein, who had no role in the study.

For the study, British researchers collected genetic data on more than 425,000 men and women listed in the UK Biobank. The investigators found more than 2,500 genetic variations associated with levels of testosterone and the protein that binds it — sex hormone-binding globulin.

The researchers checked their results with analyses of other relevant studies and used a randomization method to see if associations between testosterone and disease are causal.

In women, a high level of testosterone was tied to a 37% increased risk for type 2 diabetes and a 51% increased risk for polycystic ovary syndrome.

In men, however, a high testosterone level was linked to a 14% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, the findings showed.

“The findings in men that higher testosterone has a protective effect and reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes is news to me,” Zonszein said. “This needs to be shown by other studies and its mechanism needs to be elucidated.”

Dr. Minisha Sood, an endocrinologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, said that testosterone may not be as protective in women because it converts to estradiol, which is related to the risk for breast cancer.

“High levels of testosterone in women have also been shown to increase visceral fat, which is linked to the components of metabolic syndrome,” Sood said.

That men with high testosterone are at lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes is likely related to having more lean muscle mass, which improves insulin sensitivity and reduces the likelihood of type 2 diabetes, she said.

But Sood isn’t a fan of men using testosterone supplements to ward off diabetes.

“Testosterone therapy comes with potential risks, including a high red blood cell count and higher rates of high-grade prostate cancer if a man is already predisposed to develop prostate cancer,” she said.

Obese men or those with type 2 diabetes would benefit more from lifestyle changes to improve testosterone levels, namely, weight loss, healthy diet and exercise.

“This approach is preferred in that population over testosterone replacement whenever possible,” Sood said.

The report was published in the journal Nature Medicine.

Source: HealthDay


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