Tabasco Spicy Chocolate

A box of the imported chocolate was sold in candy store in Japan for 600 yen (tax included).

Study: The Combination of Mask Wearing and Keeping Windows Open is Best for Reducing COVID-19 Risk in Cars

In a paper published by Environment International, Surrey’s renowned Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) explored what motorists must consider to make sure their in-car environments are as Covid-secure as possible.

The GCARE team used sensors to monitor pollution particles concentration, map how those particles varied during different settings in the vehicle and evaluate exposure dose per km of PM2.5 for three different ventilation settings (open window, air conditioning using fresh air, and air conditioning using air recirculation). The team also used sensors to monitor CO2 emission – a proxy used in the experiment for Covid-19.

The GCARE researchers found that maintaining a continuous intake of fresh air by keeping the windows open – while also wearing a mask — is the best way to guard against the transmission of Covid-19 — but this increases occupants’ exposure to toxic air pollution particles.

Motorists face a dilemma, since guarding against air pollution by keeping windows closed in turn aggravates the risk from Covid-19: the study found that the probability of Covid-19 transmission rate increased by 28.5 per cent when windows are closed and air recirculation is switched on.

For the best chance of remaining safer from both Covid-19 and external air pollution, the GCARE team found that keeping the windows closed — which mitigates air pollution particles — while running air conditioning on ambient mode (drawing in fresh air from outside) to minimise exposure to Covid-19, is the optimal balance.

Professor Prashant Kumar, lead author of the study, Associate Dean (International) and Founding Director of GCARE at the University of Surrey, said:

“It’s vital that the scientific community provides society with the data it needs so we can learn from the painful experience of the past two years.

“Our research found that if your priority is to reduce the risk of contracting Covid-19, wearing a mask and keeping car windows open is the ideal approach.”

Source: University of Surrey

What’s for Lunch?

Chicken Set Meal at Yayoiken store in Tokyo, Japan

The price is 1,000 yen plus tax.

Common Pesticide to Be Banned Over Links to Problems in Children

The Biden Administration said Wednesday that a widely used pesticide will be banned because it’s been linked to neurological damage in children.

The new rule to block the use of chlorpyrifos on food will take effect in six months, the Environmental Protection Agency said.

“Today [the] EPA is taking an overdue step to protect public health,” EPA head Michael Regan said in an agency news release. “Ending the use of chlorpyrifos on food will help to ensure children, farmworkers, and all people are protected from the potentially dangerous consequences of this pesticide.”

Available since the mid-1960s and among the most widely used pesticides, chlorpyrifos is routinely applied to corn, soybeans, apples, broccoli, asparagus and other produce, The New York Times reported.

In April, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals told the EPA to stop agricultural use of the pesticide unless it could demonstrate its safety.

The court order gave the EPA a deadline of Aug. 20 to either prove that chlorpyrifos is harmless to children or to end its use on food crops.

“It is very unusual,” Michal Freedhoff, E.P.A. assistant administrator for chemical safety and pollution prevention, said of the court’s directive. “It speaks to the impatience and the frustration that the courts and environmental groups and farmworkers have with the agency.”

“The court basically said, ‘Enough is enough,'” Freedhoff told the Times. “Either tell us that it’s safe, and show your work, and if you can’t, then revoke all tolerances.”

Several states have already banned chlorpyrifos, the Times said.

Studies have linked exposure to the pesticide with lower birth weights, reduced IQs and other developmental problems in children, and a wide range of groups have long fought for a ban on chlorpyrifos, the Times reported.

“It took far too long, but children will no longer be eating food tainted with a pesticide that causes intellectual learning disabilities,” Patti Goldman, an attorney at EarthJustice, told the Times. “Chlorpyrifos will finally be out of our fruits and vegetables.”

Chlorpyrifos can still be used on golf courses, turf, utility poles and fence posts as well as in cockroach bait and ant treatments, the Times reported.

Source: HealthDay

Boiled Beef

Ingredients

500 g beef bones
50 g liver
1 bay leave
5 peppercorns
750 g beef, cut of upper rump
200 g root vegetables (carrots, parsnips, celery)
50 g onions, in their skin
salt
fresh chives, finely chopped

Method

  1. Put the bones in boiling water and bring to a hard boil. Remove from the pot and rinse with cold water.
  2. Pour cold water in a large saucepan, add bones and liver, bring it to a boil and skim off any foam that rises.
  3. Add the meat, the herbs and 1 hour before the end of cooking time, the root vegetables and the onions.
  4. After approx. 3-4 hours (total cooking time) remove the meat from the stock and strain the stock through a fine sieve.
  5. To serve, slice the meat, season with salt. Garnish with chives and pour on some beef stock.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Culinary Austria


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