Standing More May Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is one the most common lifestyle diseases worldwide, and its onset is usually preceded by impaired insulin sensitivity, i.e. insulin resistance. This refers to a state in which the body does not react to insulin normally, and the blood glucose levels rise.

Lifestyle has a strong impact on insulin resistance and the development of type 2 diabetes, and regular physical activity is known to have an important role in the prevention of these issues. However, so far, little is known about the impact of sedentary behaviour, breaks in sitting, and standing on insulin resistance.

In a study of Turku PET Centre and UKK institute, the researchers investigated the associations between insulin resistance and sedentary behaviour, physical activity and fitness in inactive working-age adults with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In the study published in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, the researchers observed that standing is associated with better insulin sensitivity independently of the amount of daily physical activity or sitting time, fitness level, or overweight.

– This association has not been shown before. These findings further encourage replacing a part of daily sitting time with standing, especially if physical activity recommendations are not met, says Doctoral Candidate Taru Garthwaite from the University of Turku.

Body Composition Strongly Associated with Insulin Sensitivity

The study also emphasises the importance of healthy body composition on metabolic health. The results show that increased body fat percentage was a more important factor in terms of insulin sensitivity than physical activity, fitness, or the amount of time spent sitting. Standing, on the other hand, was associated with insulin sensitivity independently, irrespective of body composition.

– Regular exercise is well known to be beneficial for health. It seems that physical activity, fitness, and sedentary behaviour are also connected to insulin metabolism, but indirectly, through their effect on body composition, Taru Garthwaite explains.

Causal effects cannot yet be predicted based on this study, but according to Garthwaite, the results suggest that increasing daily standing time may help in prevention of lifestyle diseases if physical activity recommendations are not met.

Next, the researchers aim to investigate how changes in daily activity and sedentariness impact cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk factors and metabolism by comparing two groups in an intervention study of a longer duration.

– Our aim is to study if reducing daily sitting time by an hour has an impact on energy metabolism and fat accumulation in liver and the whole body, for example, in addition to insulin sensitivity and blood sugar regulation, says Garthwaite.

The research article ”Standing is associated with insulin sensitivity in adults with metabolic syndrome” has been published in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

Source: University of Turku

McDonald’s to Launch Its Plant-based McPlant Burger in the UK and Ireland

Rachel Smith wrote . . . . . . . . .

McDonald’s has been teasing us with the McPlant burger for quite some time now. And now, it’s finally making its debut in the UK and Ireland.The American fast-food chain has been trialling the McPlant burger in select locations across Sweden and Denmark to gain customer insight before rolling it out to more locations.

However, there’s one major difference with the UK version of the McPlant Burger – it’s made with a bespoke vegan cheese and cheese sauce!According to the company, the vegan cheese is made from pea protein and ‘tastes just like McDonald’s iconic cheese slices.’

Previously the McPlant burger was made with non-vegan cheese and mayonnaise making it unsuitable for vegans. But for its UK launch, the McPlant burger will be entirely vegan following customer feedback.

In fact, it will even be cooked separately from other McDonald’s burgers and sandwiches using dedicated utensils to ensure peace of mind for vegan customers.Moreover, the McPlant burger will be priced at £3.19 – the same cost as the chain’s popular Big Mac beef burger.

McDonald’s and Beyond MeatThe fast-food chain has teamed up with vegan meat giant Beyond Meat to offer a plant-based patty that ‘delivers the same great taste and experience you would expect from a McDonald’s burger’.

Beyond Meat signed a 3-year global contract with the fast-food chain earlier this year, indicating big changes on the horizon.

Founder and CEO of Beyond Meat Ethan Brown commented: “We will combine the power of Beyond Meat’s rapid and relentless approach to innovation with the strength of McDonald’s global brand to introduce craveable, new plant-based menu items that consumers will love.”

McDonald’s will be trialling the new McPlant burger in 10 restaurants in Coventry from 29th September ahead of its roll-out to a further 250+ stores nationwide in January.

Source: Vegan Food and Living

Could Traffic Noise Raise Your Odds for Dementia?

It’s more than just an annoyance: Long-term exposure to traffic and train noise may increase the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, Danish researchers report.

The study authors said that more than 1,200 of Denmark’s nearly 8,500 cases of dementia in 2017 may have resulted from exposure to noise, which means that reducing traffic noise might help prevent the thinking, memory and behavior problems associated with this condition.

The study, published online in The BMJ, doesn’t prove noise causes dementia or Alzheimer’s, only that there appears to be a link.

“Expanding our knowledge on the harmful effects of noise on health is essential for setting priorities and implementing effective policies and public health strategies focused on the prevention and control of diseases, including dementia,” the researchers said in a journal news release.

Prior studies have linked transportation noise to coronary heart disease, obesity and diabetes, said study author Manuella Lech Cantuaria, assistant professor at The Maersk McKinney Moller Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, and colleagues.

If the new findings are confirmed in future studies, the researchers said they could have a large effect on estimation of the burden of disease and health care costs attributed to transportation noise.

For this study, the investigators compared long-term residential exposure to road traffic and train noise with dementia risk among 2 million Danes over 60 years of age.

The team combed national health registers to find cases of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and Parkinson’s disease-related dementia over an average of nearly nine years. Between 2004 and 2017, more than 103,000 new cases of dementia were identified.

After taking into account other factors related to residents and their neighborhoods, the researchers found that a 10-year average exposure to road and railway noise increased the odds of dementia. There was a general pattern of higher risk with higher noise exposure.

The study authors reported that road and railway noise were linked with a 27% higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Only road noise, however, was tied with an increased risk of vascular dementia.

The researchers said these associations might owe to the release of stress hormones and sleep disturbance, leading to coronary artery disease, and changes in the immune system and inflammation, which are seen at the start of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Source: HealthDay

Warm Quinoa, Spinach and Shiitake Salad

Ingredients

1/2 cup red-wine vinegar
2/3 cup olive oil
coarse salt and fresh ground pepper
2 pounds fresh shiitake mushrooms, stems removed, caps halved
1-1/2 cups quinoa
1 pound baby spinach
1-1/2 cups crumbled feta cheese (8 ounces)

Method

  1. Heat the broiler. Set a rack 4 inches from the heat.
  2. In a small bowl, whisk together the vinegar, oil, 1 teaspoon salt, and 1/4 teaspoon pepper.
  3. On a large rimmed broiler-proof baking sheet, toss the mushrooms with half the dressing (reserve the rest). Broil, tossing occasionally, until most of the liquid has evaporated and the mushrooms are tender, 20 to 25 minutes.
  4. In a small saucepan, combine the quinoa, 3 cups water, and 1-1/2 teaspoons salt. Bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to medium. Cover, and simmer until the liquid has been absorbed, 15 to 20 minutes.
  5. Place the spinach in a large bowl. Add the hot mushrooms, quinoa, and reserved dressing. Toss to combine (the spinach will wilt slightly). Top with the crumbled feta, and serve immediately.

Tip

Do not soak shiitakes in water to clean, because they will become spongy. Instead, wipe the caps clean with a damp paper towel after trimming away the stems.

Makes 4 servings.

Source: Great Food Fast


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