Video: Laksa Made by a Robot Chef

Singapore catering group Neo Group recently unveiled its latest innovation, where you can have a piping hot bowl of the yummy Singapore dish in just 45 seconds.

Watch video at You Tube (1:24 minutes) . . . . . . .

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Restaurant Robot with Swappable Tray System

Chris Albrecht wrote . . . . . . . . .

Bear Robotics has officially launched the second-generation version of its Penny restaurant robot. The autonomous robot, which shuttles food and dishes between the front and back of house, now features a versatile tray system for carrying more and different types of items.

With its new design, Penny has lost its bowling pin shape and single carrying surface. Instead, Penny 2.0 is more cylindrical in shape, and can sport up to three tiers of carrying surface. Not only can Penny carry more, a new swappable tray system means it can be configured to carry any combination of food, drinks or bus tub.

On the inside, Bear updated the smarts of Penny, giving the robot enhanced obstacle-avoidance technology, and while the company didn’t go into specifics, a tablet can now be attached to Penny for expanded customer interaction capabilities.

Penny 2.0 is being shown at the National Restaurant Association trade show this weekend and is available now. While Bear doesn’t disclose actual pricing, Penny is offered on a monthly subscription, which includes the robot, setup and mapping of a restaurant and technical support.

Penny is among a wave of robots coming to restaurants in the near future: Flippy makes burgers and fries up chicken tenders, Dishcraft is still stealthily working on automating tasks in the kitchen, and there are entire establishments like Creator and Spyce built around robotic cooking systems.

Any discussion of automation always involves the loss of human jobs. John Ha, CEO of Bear Robotics, actually owned a restaurant and built Penny after noticing how hard servers work, often for little pay. By automating the expediting of food and bussing, Bear aims to free up humans to provide higher levels of customer service (ideally earning those humans higher tips).

Source: The Spoon

Farmworker vs Robot

Danielle Paquette wrote . . . . . . . . .

Both human and machine have 10 seconds per plant. They must find the ripe strawberries in the leaves, gently twist them off the stems and tuck them into a plastic clamshell. Repeat, repeat, repeat, before the fruit spoils.

One February afternoon, they work about an acre apart on a farm the size of 454 football fields: dozens of pickers collecting produce the way people have for centuries — and a robot that engineers say could replace most of them as soon as next year.

The future of agricultural work has arrived here in Florida, promising to ease labor shortages and reduce the cost of food, or so says the team behind Harv, a nickname for the latest model from automation company Harvest CROO Robotics.

Harv is on the leading edge of a national push to automate the way we gather goods that bruise and squish, a challenge that has long flummoxed engineers.

Designing a robot with a gentle touch is among the biggest technical obstacles to automating the American farm. Reasonably priced fruits and vegetables are at risk without it, growers say, because of a dwindling pool of workers.

“The labor force keeps shrinking,” said Gary Wishnatzki, a third-generation strawberry farmer. “If we don’t solve this with automation, fresh fruits and veggies won’t be affordable or even available to the average person.”

The problem is so pressing that competitors are banding together to fund Harv, which has raised approximately $9 million from corporate behemoths like Driscoll’s and Naturipe Farms, as well as local farmers.

Wishnatzki, who created Harv with former Intel engineer Bob Pitzer, one of the minds behind the television hit “BattleBots,” has invested $3 million of his own money.

The electronic picker is still pretty clumsy.

During a test run last year, Harv gathered just 20 percent of strawberries on every plant without mishap. This year’s goal: Harvest half of the fruit without crushing or dropping any. The human success rate is closer to 80 percent, making Harv the underdog in this competition.

But Harv doesn’t need a visa or sleep or sick days. The machine looks like a horizontally rolling semi-truck.

Peek underneath and see 16 smaller steel robots scooping up strawberries with spinning, claw-like fingers, guided by camera eyes and flashing lights.

Growers say it is getting harder to hire enough people to harvest crops before they rot.

Fewer seasonal laborers are coming from Mexico, the biggest supplier of U.S. farmworkers. Fewer Americans want to bend over all day in a field, farmers say, even when offered higher wages, free housing and recruitment bonuses.

The number of agricultural employees in the United States is expected to stay flat over the next seven years, according to the latest projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. As “productivity-enhancing technologies” mature in the realm of mechanization, farms will require fewer people, even as demand for crops grow, the government researchers wrote.

Manufacturing underwent a similar evolution. U.S. factories have increased output over the past two decades with a smaller workforce, thanks to machines that improve efficiency.

One Harv is programmed to do the work of 30 people. The machine hovers over a dozen rows of plants at the same time, picking five strawberries every second and covering eight acres a day.

That potential is increasingly attractive to growers, who say the Trump administration’s tighter immigration policies are squeezing off the supply of seasonal workers, as well as undocumented labor.

Approximately half of the country’s 850,000 farmworkers are not in the United States legally, according to 2016 data from the Department of Labor, the most recent available.

Agricultural analysts say the labor shortage is already forcing up wages.

From 2014 to 2018, the average pay for farmworkers rose faster than employees in the broader economy, jumping from $11.29 to $13.25, according to numbers from the Department of Agriculture.

Agriculture economists at Arizona State University last year estimated that if farmers lost their undocumented workforce entirely, wages would have to rise by 50 percent to replace them — and that would crank up produce prices by another 40 percent.

Starting in 2025, all farms in California — the nation’s largest fresh-food producer — must pay their employees overtime after eight hours a day instead of 10.

“Automation is the long-term solution, given the reluctance of domestic workers to do these jobs,” said Tim Richards, the Morrison chair of agribusiness in the W.P. Carey School of Business at ASU.

Wishnatzki said he lost around $1 million due to spoilage last year. He said he pays experienced pickers about $25 an hour.

Harv would diminish the need for field labor, Wishnatzki said, but it would create new jobs, too. Wish Farms, his family business, would train pickers to become technicians.

“We need people to clean, sanitize and repair the machines,” he said.

Some workers view that plan with anxiety and skepticism.

“I see the robot and think, ‘Maybe we’re not going to have jobs anymore,’ ” said Antonio Vengas, 48, one of the about 600 employees on the farm with Harv.

Vengas moved to Florida 15 years ago from the Mexican state of Oaxaca and makes about $25 an hour. About 75 percent of his co-workers are Mexicans on seasonal work visas.

They all make good money, he said. They’re motivated.

“People can pick strawberries without hurting them,” he said. “They know which ones are too little or rotten. Machines can’t do that.”

“A machine cannot harvest delicate table grapes, strawberries or tree fruit without destroying the perfect presentation demanded by consumers and the retail food industry,” said Giev Kashkooli, political and legislative director for the United Farm Workers of America, which represents about 20,000 farmworkers across the country.

Unions don’t oppose technological advances though, Kashkooli added.

“Robotics can play a role in making the job less backbreaking and play a role in helping people earn more money,” he said.

Out West, engineers at Washington State University are working with local farmers to test an apple-picking machine with 12 mechanical arms.

It drives down orchard rows, snapping pictures of trees. A computer brain scans the images and finds the fruit. The arms grab and lower apples onto a conveyor belt.

Expect to see this technology on the market in the next three years, said Manoj Karkee, associate professor at the school’s Center for Precision & Automated Agricultural Systems.

Farmers who struggle to make hires wanted it “yesterday,” he said.

“We all know we need to go in this direction,” Karkee said. “The last advancement in apple picking was the invention of the ladder.”

The robot rarely hurts the produce. But as of today, one robotic apple-picker costs at least $300,000 — too much for most budgets.

On the day Harv is put to the test, farmers and researchers arrive in three buses to Wishnatzki’s farm. They’ve come from Canada, Australia, Germany, Switzerland and across the United States. Curiosity hangs in the air like the hawks circling overhead.

Blaine Staples, a strawberry grower from Alberta, steps through the dirt toward the machine, which hisses as it claws up fruit. Dozens of people around him crouch to the ground. The machine’s arms go to work amid exclamations of awe and disbelief from onlookers.

“This is pretty much the new industrial revolution,” Staples said.

His Canadian farm is tiny compared to Wishnatzki’s 600 acres. But he could see himself renting Harv for a season — as long as it’s comparable to his current labor costs.

Under Harv’s proposed business model, farmers would pay only for the fruit the machine picks at the same rate they pay seasonal work crews.

A few strawberry rows over, Doug Carrigan, a North Carolina farmer, stands in the group with his eyes locked on Harv.

“It doesn’t care if it’s a Sunday or a holiday,” Carrigan said. “The machine will work regardless.”

He pays his workers between $10 and $14 hourly. They’re mostly local folks.

“A lot of Americans have become lazy,” Carrigan said. “They want a paycheck. They don’t want a job.”

Any time you can automate work without sacrificing quality, “that’s a win,” he said.

Behind the crowd of farmers, a team of engineers watch the spectacle on a flat-screen TV inside a white trailer, their makeshift command center. Cameras inside Harv give them a close-up.

“The best view in the house,” said Alex Figueroa, 24, director of machine vision.

Everything looks to be running smoothly. Nobody’s stress-eating the oatmeal raisin cookies they ordered from Panera Bread.

“No errors!” Figueroa pleads aloud.

“Knock on wood,” another engineer replies.

In another section of the field, far from the commotion, the pickers work like they have always worked.

It’s 80 degrees outside, but they wear long sleeves, pants and scarves below their eyes to block the sun. They bend over, pluck the strawberries and slip them into plastic cases.

Then they sprint through the plant rows to a supervisor, who scans in each package. They are paid by the package. Slowing down means losing money.

Parked nearby is an old school bus, which shuttles them free to work. Most of the pickers live in housing Wishnatzki provides.

Santiago Velasco, 65, has worked here for 35 years and has done practically every job: picking, digging, irrigating.

Harv is a newcomer that doesn’t concern him.

“I don’t think it’ll work because the people know how to pick,” he said, “and they go faster.”

His prediction held up on demo day.

The robot found more than half the strawberries on each plant, but the fruit this season was bigger than anticipated. A bunch tumbled from Harv’s claws — red and juicy and now gone.

Engineers aren’t sure how many — they’ve got to review hours of video. They can’t be sure Harv hit this year’s target. But they’re confident the machine can get it right next year.

Source: The Washington Post

Cute Automated Delivery Robot Unveiled

Annie Palmer wrote . . . . . . . . .

Your next Starbucks latte might be delivered by an adorable roving robot.

Postmates, the food and grocery delivery company, has debuted its new autonomous delivery robot, named ‘Serve.’

The four-wheeled rover closely resembles a brightly colored cooler, except it has huge, saucer-shaped eyes and an array of cameras meant to help it navigate the streets.

For now, Postmates will dispatch the first Serve robots in Los Angeles before it plans to roll out more robots in several cities across the U.S. over the next year.

The firm says Serve will replace human deliverymen when items only need to be delivered short distances, such as a couple blocks around the corner.

When a user places an order, a Serve might be dispatched and show up at their door.

From there, they’ll either enter a code on the device’s touchscreen or use their phone to unlock the latch at the top of the device.

They simply reach in, grab their food item and then Serve is on its way.

Serve is ‘all-electric,’ can carry a payload of up to 50lbs and can travel up to 30 miles on a single charge.

The robot uses a combination of cameras and LIDAR technology to get around town.

‘Using Lidar and the most advanced sensors of any automated delivery rover, Serve creates a virtual picture of the world in real time,’ Postmates explained.

‘An interactive touch screen is a part of how Serve communicates.’

It also moves at ‘walking speed’ so as to not get in anyone’s way while rolling down the sidewalk.

There’s several flashing strips of LED along the sides of the device that act as turn signals and will flash if it changes directions.

A touchscreen on top of the device acts as a way for customers to interact with it.

Serve is meant to appear human-like, with huge eyes that blink and it’ll even play music like a pseudo-ice cream truck.

The display is equipped with video chat software in case of an emergency, while a ‘Help’ button on the device can also be triggered if a user has a question.

Even though it’s semi-autonomous, a human is always monitoring the device from a remote control room and is able to take over operating Serve at any time using a game controller.

Postmates created Serve with the community and regulators in mind. It faces stricter regulations in cities like San Francisco, where tech companies must obtain a permit before they can test robots on the streets.

The firm describes Serve as a ‘respectful member of the community’ that yields to pedestrians and won’t hog the sidewalk.

‘Serve safely walks alongside pedestrians, navigates around fire hydrants, and respects our sidewalks,’ Postmates said.

The firm said it hopes Serve will help cut costs and save time on deliveries.

And in the future, Postmates envisions even more capabilities for the roving robot.

‘It could patrol the neighborhood,’ Bastian Lehmann, Postmates’ co-founder and CEO, told Wired.

‘Or you could use it for evil things, like it could write parking tickets.’

Source: Daily Mail

Robotic Cattle Driver Helps To Improve Worker Safety

Esther Honig wrote . . . . . . . . .

Brad Churchill, a slaughter operations manager at Cargill Meat Solutions, has worked in the cattle industry for more than 30 years — and has seen many employee injuries caused by livestock.

“A young man did nothing to provoke this 1,600-pound Angus steer who turned on him in an instant,” Churchill said of one incident last year. The man crawled through an escape hatch, and ended up with a dislocated shoulder and few fractured ribs.

Working with cattle is dangerous: The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that in 2017, cattle injured 1,360 workers. And those attacks can sometimes be fatal.

So, when Churchill first saw a video of a robot, developed by a Russian tech company for security purposes, it gave him an idea.

Cargill redesigned the robot, giving it a tough metal exterior and options for customization depending on the needs of the operation. For instance, an MP3 player can relay recordings of whistles to help drive animals forward, much like a human would do. For dairies, where cows tend to be older, Churchill said an air blower could be installed to gently tickle their haunches. The robot was tested at plants in Nebraska and Pennsylvania.

“Once we tested it and knew that we could move cattle with it, then I knew that we could keep our people out of the line of fire with these animals,” Churchill said. He thinks the robot might also be used for moving other animals — such as turkeys and hogs — though no such testing has taken place yet at Cargill.

Robotics are becoming increasingly common in dairy and feedlot operations, said David Douphrate, an expert in agricultural worker safety at the University of Texas Health Science Center. That’s in part because the work is dangerous, and finding workers to fill jobs is challenging.

“I think that we will see more adoption of robotic technology in livestock production. It all comes down to cost and benefit,” he said. According to Cargill, the robotic cattle driver costs up to $50,000.

Douphrate thinks the concept is promising. Because the robot is operated remotely, workers no longer have to walk behind the animals, where they’re vulnerable to kicks and attacks.

“Anytime that you can eliminate, or even substitute, that task with modern technology, it’s a good thing,” he said.

Source: npr