The Fish (Synaphobranchus Kaupii)
Elsevier announced today the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) in journal Maturitas on the role of vitamin D in postmenopausal women with summary recommendations.
Vitamin D deficiency is common and may affect up to 70% of Europeans. It is classified as a public health issue as it can contribute to many diseases, especially osteoporosis. EMAS has risen to the challenge of increasing awareness of vitamin D deficiency to women and health professionals. The position statement describes the implications of vitamin D deficiency and provides clear recommendations on why and how adequate levels should be maintained.
Osteoporosis is a common condition in postmenopausal women leading to bone fractures. However, there is now evidence that vitamin D deficiency is also associated with other medical conditions important in older women. These include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, infections and neurodegenerative disease. The major natural source of vitamin D is cutaneous synthesis through exposure to sunlight with a small amounts also coming from the diet in animal-based foods such as fatty fish, eggs and milk. Levels of vitamin D are lower in those with poor sun exposure and in the winter. Obesity, malabsorption syndromes and certain medications (e.g. anticonvulsants, antiretrovirals) can also lower vitamin D levels. Regular sunlight exposure (without sunscreens) for 15 minutes, 3-4 times a week, in the middle of the day in summer can generate healthy levels.
Supplements of vitamin D are recommended for those women who cannot obtain the required quantity through sun exposure and diet. The recommended daily allowance is 600 IU/day increasing to 800IU/day for those aged 71 years and older.
1 cup radicchio, shredded
1 cup Belgian endive, shredded
1 cup frisée, in bite-sized pieces
½ cup shallots or onions, julienned
1 cup pancetta or bacon, diced in 1-inch pieces
1 tsp honey
2 tbsp red-wine vinegar and an extra splash (divided)
1½ cup squash, roasted and cut into 1-inch cubes
1 cup chestnuts, roasted and peeled
3 tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
4 eggs, poached
Salt and pepper to taste
Parmigiano-Reggiano shavings for topping, to taste
Source: The Globe and Mail
Note: Gesundheit is an exclamation used to wish good health to a person who has just sneezed.